There are many theological issues that today represent an enigma for people, as they are the subject of multiple controversies worldwide. Learn in this article everything you need to know about Infused Science, do not stop reading it.
The expression Infused or Inspired Science
The term Infused Science refers to a very popular expression that we have all heard at some point in life. However, there may be many meanings regarding its meaning, which are worth delimiting to fully understand what it is. Thus, later on, what Infused Science means and how it has been experienced will be explained so that many scholars affirm its existence.
In the first place, infused science is considered as a comfortable way of learning, about any area of learning, but it is not obtained through scientific foundations. In a broad sense, it is a set of knowledge that is not acquired through study, but from supernatural factors depending on the tradition in which it is found; also, this could be a reality that is achieved through the transmission of brain wave patterns.
In this regard, it is worth mentioning a study published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, in which experiments were carried out on a group of six novice pilots who, presumably, learned the rules of piloting airplanes through the transmission of brain waves from their more experienced colleagues. . This interesting study will be explained in detail later.
Now, it is said that to know something by infused science is to know it because yes, that is, not because of a previous study but simply because it is known and that’s it, by one’s own instinct or intuition. However, this is not entirely true since it is also believed that the infused comes from God, from the divinity itself. This can be seen in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, in which the term “infused” is defined as those graces and gifts that God instills in the soul of people.
Hence, when referring to “infused” it is understood as knowledge received directly from God, that is, without the existence of previous studies. In this order of ideas, said knowledge does not come from our observation, nor from our experience, and even less from our reasoning to create laws and theories, but it is about gifts received directly from God.
It is pertinent to emphasize that this is a purely theological term, so that science must be delved into to fully understand its meaning, since it has to do with knowledge coming from God and, obviously, it is credited with theories for and against , as it is a very interesting and controversial topic for scholars since it is believed to come from the divinity.
On the other hand, there are many people who affirm that Christ has a double intelligence, one being divine and the other human. Human intelligence is that which is infused directly from God, that is, it is a science very similar to that possessed by angels. For this reason, it is believed that infused science is a privilege granted to him by God, since it equates him with the angels.
It should also be mentioned that there are other terms associated with infused science, which people use very frequently almost without thinking about it even today. Namely, when, for example, it is said that something is known for sure or not, it means knowledge with total certainty, regarding which there is no doubt since it has been scientifically proven or there are theories that support such affirmations.
On the other hand, it is said that something has little science when it is very simple to carry out, it does not have any complexity, that is, it can be done at any time and place without the need for greater knowledge or experience. And finally, the term science fiction is commonly used to refer to something incredible due to its exaggeration or being too fantastic, even this being a genre of movies.
Learning by Infused Science
In the process of defining infused science and generating an acceptable theory, a study was conducted a few years ago in which a group of inexperienced airplane pilots learned to fly the airplane by transmitting brain waves from other pilots. more experts. In this way, the novices were able to acquire the knowledge inherent in the activity without having carried out any previous study, rather through brain waves, which explains in part the infused science.
Representing HRL Laboratories, Matthew Phillips explained that they carried out a measurement of the brain activity patterns of six military and commercial pilots, in order to later transmit these patterns to the beginners while they learned to fly planes in the respective flight simulators where the tests are carried out. practices. It should be noted that since 1970, training in flight simulators has been an extremely important part of the training of aircraft pilots.
However, regarding the procedures used to achieve the transmission of knowledge from experts to novice pilots, these researchers used a non-invasive technique called Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, known by its acronym in English as TDCS. All this study process was carried out with the aim of improving the operational skills of the pilots during their training.
Regarding the application of this non-invasive stimulation technique, a low-intensity continuous electrical current is applied, similar to that produced by a battery or a dynamo, all through electrodes that are arranged on the scalp of the patient. beginner pilot. Although there is a great loss of current in the scalp and in the skull, all that current that does reach the cerebral cortex is sufficient to be able to exert its function on the individual’s neurons.
In this sense, when the stimulation reaches the surface of the cerebral cortex, it can modify the neuronal transmembrane potential, which generates a variation in the level of excitability and at the same time modulates the frequency of neuronal discharges. For this reason, this technique is also known by the name of neuromodulatory.
All of this is because brain cells also run on electricity, generating movement of ions across the cell membrane, and also creating a battery-like membrane potential difference. That is why the method was used in such a way.
This experiment was randomized, and involved stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is where working memory is identified, or the left motor cortex. Once the brain waves were emitted, brain activity was measured by means of an Electroencephalogram, as well as by means of a functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy, known as EEG and fNIRs respectively.
After the experiment was over, it was determined that those trainees who had been stimulated in their brain cells by placing electrodes on their heads definitely improved their piloting skills and abilities compared to the rest of the control group.
All this could be verified thanks to the fact that the researchers measured the average acceleration of the plane during the simulated landing, which is known as the g-force, and compared it with control subjects who received a simulation of the stimulation applied to the cerebral cortex.
In this sense, the go force, better said, the sensation experienced by people who undergo acceleration, is an infallible and immediate indicator of the ability that pilots possess during landing, since this is the most difficult phase to overcome. satisfactory way. Thus, when pilots are trained in the flight simulator, they are required to try to minimize g-force as much as possible, to ensure that they possess the necessary skills as future pilots.
Thus, this study carried out by HRL was one of the pioneers that managed to demonstrate the effectiveness of brain stimulation in terms of accelerating practical learning, and improving pilot skills. Thus, Phillips surmises that accelerating learning through stimulation of the cerebral cortex may become very common in the future, as more research is done on how stimulation protocols can be optimized, personalized, and tailored. brain.
Such studies through TDCS are expected to become common and frequent technologies for training and in classes in various educational areas, such as in the training of potential drivers, to learn different languages or also for the SAT, which is a test standard that is frequently used in the United States, to select admission to the higher education system; its acronym stands for Scholastic Aptitude Test, or also Scholastic Assessment Test.
Science Infused or inspired in the Soul of Christ
As mentioned in the preceding lines, infused science is that knowledge granted by God, by the divinity or by Christ, without the need for prior studies but simply known by divine work. Thus, this knowledge that has been inspired by the soul of Christ, is the subject of numerous criticisms and controversies, as well as giving rise to a series of unknowns studied by philosophers and specialists in the area.
However, there are many assumptions that have been made around this issue, generating controversy and different theories by scholars who investigate to reach generally accepted conclusions, in order to solve the problems that arise from such controversial issues. . Since Christ came to earth to save men, the doubt arises as to whether he truly possessed knowledge and reason regarding everything in this world, by science infused or inspired by God.
In this order of ideas, below are a series of questions to which objections and reasoning are presented in order to give a concrete answer to them, to wield solutions around the extensive subject of science inspired by the soul of Christ .
Does Christ know all things through infused knowledge?
One of the most frequent questions that have been asked about the infused science of the soul of Christ has to do with the fact of whether Christ came to know all the things that exist in the universe, thanks to the infused science or inspired by God. , that is, if nothing was left unknown.
In this regard, people who object to this theory indicate that this science was infused into Christ in order to perfect his understanding as much as possible. However, the possible understanding of humans does not seem to have an absolute potential for everything, but only for those things about which it can be actualized by the agent understanding, which is its active principle.
In addition, these things can be known by natural reason and therefore, Christ could not have known those things or objects that exceed natural reason, since he would be overflowing human capacity.
On the other hand, images are related to human understanding to the same extent that colors are related to sight, so the perfection of visual power does not need to fully know everything that is completely colorless. Therefore, the perfection of human understanding does not require knowing all the things that cannot be expressed through graphic representations, that is, images, as is the case with separate substances.
Based on the above, there are those who maintain that Christ could not have known the separated substances through infused Science, since it was granted to him for the perfection of his understanding. Another of the objections regarding this subject affirms that to perfect the understanding of it, it is not required to have knowledge of the singulars, which is why then Christ did not know the singulars by infused science either.
Now, to refute such adverse opinions, it is established that everything that is the object of knowledge is included under the gifts of wisdom and understanding, path and advice. In turn, wisdom belongs to the knowledge of everything divine and understanding is responsible for the knowledge of everything immaterial.
Knowledge of all conclusions belongs to science, and knowledge of all practical things belongs to counsel. Thus, as Christ possesses all knowledge infused by the Holy Spirit, he then becomes cognizant of all things.
In this order of ideas, for the soul of Christ to be perfect in all senses, it was pertinent that all its potentialities become actions; In addition to this, in the human soul as in any creature, a double passive power is distinguished, one related to the natural agent and the other to the first agent, both being actualized in the soul of Christ once science was infused from above. .
Thanks to this, the soul of Christ was able to know everything that man is capable of knowing through the force of the light of the agent understanding, such as those objects inherent to human science. In the same way, Christ knew everything that men know through divine revelation, whether it belongs to the gift of wisdom, prophecy or any other gift of the Holy Spirit. It was thus that the soul of Christ knew all these things more and better than any other.
Was Christ able to understand everything through infused science without resorting to images?
Another of the unknowns raised because of this issue has to do with the fact of whether Christ was able to understand all things in the universe, thanks to infused Science, without the need to use imaginary representations. There are those who claim that he could not, citing various reasons that are explained below.
Images are said to be related to understanding in the same way that colors are related to sight, but the visual power of Christ could not be exercised in any other way than through colors. Therefore, it is believed that his understanding could not understand anything without resorting to images.
On the other hand, the soul of Christ has the same nature as the soul of humans, otherwise it would not belong to our species. Thus, our soul is not capable of understanding without using images, as is the case with the soul of Christ.
In addition to this, man has his senses to serve his intelligence, so if Christ was able to understand everything without resorting to images which are perceived by the senses, it could be said that they were given to Christ uselessly. , but this would not be admissible. That is why it is argued that the soul of Christ could not understand the things of the Universe without having resorted to images and other representations.
Now, against such claims, it is said that Christ was able to know certain realities that cannot be known through images, such as separate substances. In this aspect, it could be said that he was able to understand this without having to resort to images.
In this regard, it is worth mentioning that before the passion of Christ, he was blessed due to his intellective soul, and an aviator on the part of the body since he could suffer. However, the blessed Soul is characterized by not being subject to the body or depending on it in any way, but completely dominates it. Therefore, after the resurrection the glory of the soul will redound to the body. It should be noted that the soul of a traveling man needs the help of images because it is subject to the body, and is therefore dependent on it.
Therefore, the blessed souls can understand without resorting to images, either before or after the resurrection, and this is what happened with Christ, who fully had the condition of beatitude, which is a state that men do not possess.
Was this science infused into the soul of Christ discursive?
Regarding this point, there are controversies in relation to whether the science infused in the soul of Christ was discursive or not. Those who maintain that it was not, indicate that since neither the council nor the election is placed in Christ, both things are withdrawn since they imply comparison or discourse.
On the other hand, man needs comparison and the discourse of reason to inquire about everything that is unknown to him. So, as the soul of Christ knew everything, there was no comparative or discursive science in him. In addition, Christ, being blessed, resembled the angels, and in the latter there is no discursive or comparative science. Because of this resemblance, then in Christ there was no comparative or discursive science.
Now against such theories, it is stipulated that Christ had a rational soul as previously noted. Thus, the operation of the rational soul is to compare and disagree between one thing and another, to create laws. For this reason, it is affirmed that in Christ there was such a discursive or comparative science.
Thus, it should be noted that a science can be comparative or discursive in two ways; in the first place, by focusing on the way it is acquired, just as it happens in humans who reach knowledge of something specific starting from something else, such as the effects derived from the causes and vice versa.
For this reason, the science of the soul of Christ could not have been neither comparative nor discursive, since it was infused in him by the divinity, not acquired by investigation, neither by causes nor by effects.
On the other hand, on some occasions when the causes deduce the effects, this science is used not to learn something new but to use the science that was already known before. Thus under this approach, the science of Christ’s soul could be comparative or discursive, because one thing could be deduced from another.
For this reason it can be summed up that from Christ the advice that implies doubt can be excluded, and therefore the election that includes such advice. But the exercise of the council, that is, the act itself, is not excluded from Christ. In addition, all this controversy is based on discourse and comparison as means to acquire science, which includes the body of knowledge.
Lastly, it can be said with all certainty that the blessed possess very similar characteristics to the Angels in regard to the gifts of grace; but if the difference in their nature remains between them. From this it is argued that the use of comparison and discourse is connatural to the souls of all the blessed, but not of the angels.
How does this infused science compare with that of the angels?
There are many people who affirm that in Christ this science was inferior to that of the angels, alleging that perfection is proportional to the subject that it is intended to optimize. However, the human soul is naturally inferior to the angelic nature and in this sense the science in question was infused into the soul of Christ in order to achieve its own improvement. For this reason, it seems inferior to the science that perfects the angelic nature.
Furthermore, the science infused into the Soul of Christ was comparative and discursive in a sense, which cannot be said of the science of angels. That is why it is also said to be inferior to that. On the other hand, a science is nobler to the extent that it is more immaterial. Then, the science of Los Angeles is more immaterial than the science of the soul of Christ since the soul of Christ updates its body and needs to resort to images, a situation that does not happen in the Angels, therefore the science of the latter is superior To that.
In response to these objections, the infused science of the soul of Christ is considered under two fundamental aspects: the first of them attends to what it had on the part of the cause that produces it, and the other is fixed on what it had on the part of the cause that produced it. of the receiving subject.
Now, based on the first approach, the infused science of the soul of Christ was superior to the science of the angels, both for the number of known objects and for the certainty of the science itself, since the spiritual light that was infused in the soul of Christ is far above the light that corresponds to the nature of angels.
Looking at it from the perspective of the second way, the infused science of the soul of Christ is inferior to the science of the angels, because it is due to the natural way of knowing the human soul, that is, through the use of images, comparison and discourse.
Was this infused science habitual?
Another of the controversial points related to the science infused in the soul of Christ, refers to knowing if it was habitual or not. In this sense, those who affirm that Christ did not have a habitual science maintain that the maximum perfection corresponds to his soul, but the perfection of science in the act is greater than the pre-existing one as habit. Thus, all knowledge in act would seem convenient, being negative then the possession of a habitual science.
In addition to this, because the custom is ordered to the act, it can be assumed that a habitual science that never becomes a habit is useless. And since Christ knew everything according to what was stated above, he would not have been able to contemplate all things in act if he had known them one after the other, since it is definitely not possible to go through an infinite number of things. That is why a habitual science in Christ would have been useless, which would also be inadmissible. Therefore with respect to all that he knew he had a current science, instead of a habitual one.
In addition, it must be mentioned that the usual science is a perfection of the one who possesses it, and perfection is more noble than the subject perfected by it. For this reason, if there was any scientific habit created in the soul of Christ, it could be argued that anything created would be superior to the soul of Christ, so it did not possess habitual science.
On the contrary, it is stipulated that the science infused into the soul of Christ, the object of these theories, was univocal with the science of men, just as his soul is of the same species as ours; yet our science is habit, so Christ’s must also have been habit.
To put in more detail, the mode of this infused science conformed to the subject that received it, since what was received adjusts to the mode of being of the receiving subject. But it is something that goes against human nature that sometimes he understands in the act and sometimes in power; being the habit the midpoint between the potency and the act itself.
In this sense, the middle and the extremes belong to the same gender, being clear that the natural way of the human soul is based on receiving science as habits. It is for all this that it is convenient to affirm that the infused science of the soul of Christ was a habitual science, and could be used whenever it was necessary.
Was this infused science diversified through different habits?
There is an approach related to the diversification of the science infused in Christ in different habits, but those who indicate that this was not the case point out that in the soul of Christ there was only one scientific habit.
It should be noted that a science is more perfect every time it is simpler, hence the supreme angels know it through more universal forms. The science of Christ was immensely perfect, which took it to a higher level and therefore did not diversify into various habits. It is also stipulated that the faith of men proceeds from the knowledge of Christ; but this habit of faith is unique, and it is with it that everything that there is to believe is believed. Thus with greater reason then existed in Christ only one scientific habit.
Likewise, the sciences can be differentiated by their diverse formal objects, and the Soul of Christ managed to know all the things of the universe under a single formality, that is, under the infused light coming from the divinity. That is why Christ had only one scientific habit.
Such affirmations are refuted insofar as the infused science of Christ’s soul conformed to the connatural mode of the human soul, which consists in receiving less universal species than the angels, in such a way that it knows the various natures determined by means of a series of species that are intelligible.
Finally, the fact that there are different scientific habits in men has to do with the existence of various knowable objects, by virtue of the fact that all things belonging to the same gender manage to be known through the same scientific habit. Therefore, the infused science in question diversified into different habits.
As has been explained, the subject of infused science is very controversial and has generated over the years multiple theories, affirmations and others, which of course have been refuted by philosophers and scholars of the matter. Added to this, this is a purely theological issue, since the intervention of God and divinity as an active agent of such knowledge is implied.
In this order of ideas, for some the infused science constitutes a determining factor coming from the divinity, thus by work and grace of the holy spirit; but other scientists and researchers institute it as a means to perfect teaching methods, as evidenced in the study carried out on pilots some time ago.
Be it one way or another, the truth is that infused science consists of a set of knowledge that was not acquired through study or memorization, but rather comes from a supernatural origin or also through brain waves, to achieve the improvement of skills and abilities. techniques in a specific application area.
There are also those who maintain that it is a divine origin, which is related to the supernatural and from God, for which theologians are responsible for carrying out the relevant studies and clarifications.
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