How many books the Reina Valera Bible has is information that we should all know since it is not a book, but a set of 66 books in total, which tell the story from the creation of the heavens and the earth until the arrival death and glory of Jesus Christ. We will comment on the content of each one in this article, we invite you to discover them.
How many books does the Reina-Valera Bible have?
We have always talked about the Bible as the Holy Book that contains the Holy Scriptures, the word of God, however, not everyone knows that the Bible is a compilation of many books whose writings were inspired by the words of God the Father and his teachings are found in each of them.
It is also little known that there are versions of the Bible and the Reina Valera Bible is one of those versions. It is the first version of the scriptures authorized by the Protestant church. Its name comes from the union of the surname of the first translator of the Holy Scriptures into Spanish, a Spanish monk named Casiodoro de Reina, and the surname of the person who, from this first version, made a first version of it, the Spanish religious named Cipriano de Reina. Valera.
Being the most widespread and used version since the 16th century, this version translated into Spanish and which has been revised several times, is known as the Reina-Valera Bible, widely used and accepted by Christians and other groups of Christian faith.
The importance of this version lies in the fact that Casiodoro de Reina made a translation without taking the basis of the Latin Vulgate, being the first version translated into Spanish from the original languages. Knowing the origin of the Reina Valera Bible, we can indicate how many books the Reina Valera Bible has. It is made up of a total of 66 books, which are divided into the Old Testament and the New Testament.
The Reina Valera Bible has 39 books found in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament. The books that make up the Old Testament are in strict order of appearance in the Reina Valera Bible index: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles.
Continue Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi .
For their part, the books that make up the New Testament in order of appearance are: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy , 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, and Revelation.
Knowing how many books the Reina Valera Bible has is important information to know, but what is truly important is not how many books the Reina Valera Bible has, but the content and message of each one of them, below we will make a summary of each one of them the books that make up the Holy Book.
The Book of Genesis is said to have been written by Moses, it speaks of the beginning of the heavens and the earth, it speaks of the creation of light and darkness, of the sun and the moon, of all animals and of course of humans, which were made in the image and likeness of God our Lord.
The book of Genesis explains and talks about how we should relate, live and coexist, of course it details sin and redemption. This first book of the Reina Valera Bible is essential to understand the rest of the Bible. It is a very robust book and dense in its information.
It clearly details how our relationship with God should be, our relationship with our neighbors. It is very clear in its wording that there is only one God and he is sovereign, the creator. He allows us to identify how he poses his relationship with certain people chosen from love and reciprocal loyalty, he speaks to us about faith.
The book of Genesis is divided into 10 sections, the first five can be grouped forming the original history. In this compilation you will find in detail the story from the creation of Adam to Abraham. (See also: Miracles of Jesus Today )
It begins with the story of the heavens and the earth and then they continue telling about the lineages of each one of God’s elect, the first lineage is that of Adam, then it speaks of the Lineage of Noah, continues with the lineage of Shem, Cam and Japheth. Then they describe the lineage of Shem, the lineage of Terah. Already existing offspring develops the lineage of the sons of Abraham Ishmael and Isaac, continues with the lineage of Esau and culminates the tenth section with the lineage of Jacob.
If we make a thematic description of the Book of Genesis, it becomes much clearer how the story is told and how everything has a sequence where the causes and consequences are evident.
It begins with the creation as we have indicated before. In the Primeval history is the period of Adam and Eve, the fall and its consequences, the Progress of Sin, the Genealogy of Cain and Seth. Continue with God’s Response to Human Depravity, The Great Flood, Preparation for the Flood, they tell us about Judgment and Redemption. The rising of the waters and the descent of the waters begins.
After God’s obvious response, what happened after the flood is discussed, a new promise, renewed blessings and new ordinances, thus establishing a new relationship, but man faces a new temptation and the final word.
In the Book of Genesis the Scattering of Nations is named, detailing the spread of nations and the first Semitic genealogy. When we come to the Patriarchal Story then the life of Abraham is detailed, his story, the call and response of Abraham, it speaks of faith and the covenant made with God and even the final acts of Abraham.
They also detail the descendants of Ishmael, The Life of Jacob, which speaks of specific situations of Jacob such as his house, his travels and the return to his home. Of the descendants of Esau and finally of the life of Joseph, detailing the career of Joseph, the migration of Jacob, the last days of Jacob, and the last days of Joseph.
It is clearly interpreted from the Book of Genesis that God selects fallen human beings and raises them up and consecrates them to their faith, they become the blessing of the whole earth. What Christian does not recognize verses like “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” or “God created man in his own image”, these are from the Book of Genesis, among many others.
There are several assertions that the Book of Exodus was written by Moses, these lines were written in the year 966 before Christ and the exodus occurred more than three hundred years after that date, the evidence indicates that it occurred in 1446 before Christ, The Israelites fled from the bondage and captivity of the Egyptians.
In the Book of Exodus it reveals the name of God, it describes how the practice of the priesthood begins in Israel, it explains what the role of a prophet is and it describes what the attributes of God are and how he should be praised.
In a schematic summary we can break down the Book of Exodus and we will recognize in it the people of Israel Blessed and Oppressed, where Moses writes about the Preparation of a Messenger, in this chapter they relate about the Abandonment of Moses and also of Moses being already an adult escapes from Egypt.
He continues with God when he delivers Israel, in him the call to the messenger is made, overcoming the objections and disqualifications of the messenger. The chapter detailing the failed liberation attempts details the intensification of oppression and the renewal of the promise of liberation.
The messengers are identified and it tells of the judgment of the plagues of Egypt and the renewal of the messenger’s commission. In the chapter showing the signs of authority, include each of the twelve plagues (water in blood; toads; mosquitoes; flies; cattle die; rash; hail; locusts; darkness; death of the firstborn). (See also: Prayer to the Holy Spirit before Reading the Bible ).
It is also spoken of in the Passover book of Exodus, the Exodus from Egypt, The consecration of the firstborn, the crossing of the “Red Sea”, the deliverance in the “Red Sea” and the song of the sea. There is talk of the trip to Sinai, in this chapter the Waters of the Mara, the manna and the quail, the waters of the meriba, the war with Amalec are recounted. The covenant at Sinai. They also contain the detail of each one of the laws that constitute the pact and the ratification of the Pact.
Indicates the instructions of the royal temple of God in Israel, the collection of materials, on the construction, which must contain the ark of the testimony, the table of the bread of the presence and the golden lampstand. Of the temple and its courtyard, of the temple staff, their clothing, their attributes and more. It lets us know about the rebellion and threat of separation from God, how Moses intercedes and the Renewal of the Covenant.
In the book of Exodus it is very clearly indicated that He is the only God, that there will be a day of rest to sanctify it, the commandments indicate us. It shows us the strength of God and makes it explicit that we can strengthen ourselves in him.
The central theme of this Book is holiness, we could say that it is a detailed manual of each of the regulations that consecrate holy people who praise the Lord. It expresses how spiritual holiness is reflected in external beauty. The topics that are treated in the Book of Leviticus are the Offerings, the Establishment and Ministry of Aaron and his sons, The difference between Clean and Unclean, the annual Day of Atonement, Holy Lives.
In these chapters we can highlight that there are regulations for what is considered not worthy of the kingdom and should be clean and cured, so it speaks of regulations for skin diseases, for leprosy, among others.
They also point out the regulations for holy lives where prohibited foods cannot be eaten, illegal sexual intercourse, the punishment of sin, and specific regulations for priests. All this arises because after the Sinai covenant, the people of Israel were the representation on earth of the Kingdom of God.
The book of numbers is also attributed to Moses its writing, it is part of the well-known Pentateuch, which is recognized as the first five books of the Bible, it is reviewed by many that it is actually a single book and all were written by a same author.
This book of Numbers tells us about the journey from Israel specifically beginning at Mount Sinai to the plains of Moab. This Book tells of the rebellion of the people of God and of course his judgment.
After they were freed from Egypt and after having concluded a Covenant with God, the people of Israel forgot their gratitude, their faith even refused the conquest of Canaan, their act of rebellion cost them the promised land. God shows his wrath before his people, for their disobedience and breach of the covenant.
The Book is perfectly structured and its writings allow it to be divided by locality. The first division is when they prepare to start the journey to the promised land, it is the people of Israel in Sinai. As the rebellion is presented, there is a subdivision when the journey stops at Kadesh, so it is recognized as the Journey from Sinai to Kadesh and the journey from Kadesh to the plains of Moab.
When we review the detail of the word in the section of the Beginning of the Journey to the Promised Land, we find the commandments for the Census of the people, The Commandments for the chastity of the people. When the rebellion of the people against God’s commission occurs. Korah’s Rebellion.
Restarting Kadesh’s journey to the plains of Moab, the resistance of Edom, the death of Aaron, the destruction of Arad, the bronze serpent, the song of good and the journey to Moab, the defeat of Sihon and Og are described. and the Return of the people of Israel to Moab.
While Israel is in the plains of Moab in anticipation of taking over the promised land, Balak de Moab hires Balaam to curse the people of Israel, but the power of God is so superior that every time Balaam wants to shout curses at the people of Israel, only from your mouth come blessings. It is written in the Book of Numbers in Balaam Blesses Israel with Seven Oracles (ch. 23-24).
It tells about the war against Midian, the settlement of tribes east of Jordan. He points to the successor of Moses and the commandments of festivals and those related to vows. The Book of Numbers has verses of great importance for those of us who evangelize the Christian religion “The Lord bless you and keep you” is one of them.
This book of Deuteronomy is full of advice, all of them born from the deepest honesty of Moses. The place where these writings are developed is in Moab. Moses is about to hand over the leadership to Joshua, so Moses, before saying goodbye, develops this Book of Deuteronomy in which he emphasizes the laws that he considers are essential to comply with God.
What was written by Moses to transfer to Joshua the ministry as God’s spokesman is so beautiful and profound that many think that the people of Israel advance in this book towards the conquest of Canaan, but it is not. The people of Israel that in the Book of Numbers are found on the plains of Moab, by the Jordan of Jericho waiting to cross the Jordan, when the book of Deuteronomy concludes even the people of Israel remain in the same place.
It is understood that this was a necessary pause, a renewal of the Sinai Covenant had just taken place, they were very close to the promised land, so Moses had to make sure that the people of Israel were very well prepared to be worthy of taking possession of the promised land.
It is a book full of love in which the emphasis is on the commitment of praise. When we make a thematic summary of the chapters and sections that make up the book of Deuteronomy, we recognize a repetitive writing, so that the importance of each of the words is understood. (See also: How many prophetic books does the bible have )
The book points out the stipulations of the Covenant, also the great commandment that speaks of absolute loyalty, the lordship of God’s covenant, the principle of consecration, the step by step to conquer Canaan, makes a reiterative call for commitment. Explains the ceremonial Consecration, talks about the holiness of the Kingdom of God, the confessions of God as king.
Of course, this book talks about the succession of leadership and this chapter includes the change of leadership, the song of Moses, the testamentary blessings of Moses addressed to the Tribes and concludes with the Death of Moses and the succession of Joshua .
Scholars point to Joshua as the author of the book, they only indicate that the last section of the Book was written by Eleazar son of Aaron, which talks about Joshua’s funeral. This is one of the historical books that brings controversy in its interpretation, because it is about war and the role it plays.
It is for many others understood as a story of redemption. The Book of Joshua is not a story of the heroism of the people of Israel, it is a beautiful story of how God reconquered through his army led by Joshua a portion of the Land that they had taken by force of arms and the false Gods for what Canaanites.
The Book of Joshua tells how the Kingdom of God breaks into the world of nations, and it was necessary that it be so, because these entities were idolized as the creation of other Gods, the interference of God was imperative to demonstrate that there is only one God , the God of Israel. It was a clear act of redemption and judgment at the same time, it also allowed to show in advance the destiny of humanity.
All those who interpret the book of Joshua as a moment that should never have been part of Christian history must reinterpret the book, since at no time is it said that the redeemed Land belonged to Israel, but that it belonged to God, therefore , it is not a gain of humans, only God could dispose of it.
It is also very clearly stated in the Book of Joshua that in that land there would only be a community that was proven faithful to the rules of the Lord, thus becoming an example for other nations.
Joshua tells the most beautiful and emotional story of redemption, it is the conquest of the people of God, who were first slaves, then wandered in the desert for 40 years, to later conquer the land that had been promised to their fathers.
Moses guided them in the Book of Deuteronomy and Joshua turned the promise into reality, remember that the people of Israel were still east of the Jordan. The Book of Joshua is the arrival of God’s people in the promised land.
Making a thematic summary of the Book of Joshua, chapter I recounts the entrance to the land, where the exhortations for the conquest, the recognition of Jericho, the crossing of the Jordan and the Consecration in Gigal are made. Then in chapter II the Conquest of the Earth is reported, detailing the battles won and lost.
Chapter III after the conquest of Canaan details the distribution of the Lands, the areas to conquer, the land assigned by Moses to the Tribes, the lands given to Judah and Joshua, the cities assigned to the Levites. Until the union of the Tribes and loyalty to the Lord. The Book concludes with the Death and Funeral of Joshua and Eleazar.
The Book of Judges is by an unknown author, although its authorship is traditionally assigned to Samuel, because there are stories that were written by him. The Book was written during the time of the monarchy, this statement is supported by the fact that the Book of Judges speaks of the days when Israel had no King.
The Book of Judges is the story of the people of Israel already in the promised land, we must remember that there is a promise by Israel to be an exemplary community worthy of God, in which pagan customs of the Canaanites would not be adopted. The Lord fulfilled his promise, however, already in Canaan the people of Israel fell into oblivion, thus losing their identity as a worthy and chosen people of God, since they assumed culture, customs, beliefs and more from Canaan.
In the Book of Judges, the people of Israel are shown to have repeatedly denied the Kingdom of God. Having no King, forgetting the rules, the people of Israel were adrift and each one did what seemed best to them.
The chosen people had entered a cycle where they made a pact with the Lord, they disobeyed, they were oppressed, they went through periods of despair and liberation, but God never broke his covenant. There is no greater demonstration of love and patience.
The complete design of the Book of Judges, starting with the prologue until concluding with the epilogue, clearly shows a space of time in which Israel had no King, the link is made with the Book of Joshua where the temptation of Canaan takes place, without However, redemption occurs with the arrival of the deer of the Lord, David and his dynasty.
Making the thematic summary of the Book of Judges then begins with the Prologue where an incomplete conquest is recounted, there is a failure on the part of Israel to cleanse the entire land and the intervention of God fighting again with the Israelite rebellion.
Times of Oppression and liberation is the chapter where the intervention of the judges is reviewed and tells when Othniel defeats Cusam, Aud to Moab, Deborah to Canaan, Gideon to the Mandianites, Abimelech who was an anti-judge, Jephthah defeats Amon and Samson to the Philistines. These were the so-called Senior Judges.
Of course he also names and speaks of the Minor Judges Samgar, Tola, Jair, Ibzán, Elón and Abdón. And later in the structure of the book of Judges in the epilogue religion and moral disorder are included. (See also: God’s promises for the Christian woman ).
Ruth was a young woman great-grandmother of David and one of the ancestors of Jesus. This story written in the Book of Ruth occurs in a moment of tranquility that occurs between Israel and Moab, let us remember that we come from the Book of Judges that were times of loss of morality, of the religiosity of foreign oppression.
The story written in the Book of Ruth is said to have been authored by Samuel, however, there are doubts about his authorship. In these scriptures, the importance of fidelity that must exist between human relations, between the relations of the people with the Kingdom of God, is remarkably highlighted.
The author of this Book talks about the beautiful devotion to God and how it is possible to have a life of daily chores without losing dedication to the law of the Lord, in this way of relating where love prevails and their lives are blessed.
The beautiful thing about reading the Book of Ruth is how it shows that to belong to the Kingdom of God, you must not be born in the Promised Land, or be a descendant of Israel, the simple fact of loving and obeying the will of God by your own decision, deserves to belong to it.
It tells the beautiful story of a Moabite woman who was received into an Israeli family, her devotion, love and care for her mother-in-law make her be recognized as a daughter of Israel and worthy of David.
Also important in the reading of the Book of Ruth is the concept of redemption, told through Naomi who, through acts performed without any type of interest, reaches the happiness given by the God of Ruth and Boaz. Through the Book of Ruth, the history of Israel is recognized, which went from dark moments of despair to days of well-being due to the uninterested devotion of David, a descendant of Ruth and Boaz.
Making the thematic summary of the Book of Ruth we can identify that it begins with the story of Naomi empty and then when Naomi returns from Moab, the book tells the story of love and benevolence between Ruth and Naomi, the story also develops and how they are intertwined with Boaz, where Boaz marries Ruth and Naomi comes to fruition.
The author of the Book of Samuel is unknown, what is certain is that he knew Samuel and his life very well. The Book of Samuel I tells the story of Israel when a political system was implemented which was led by a human King.
The Book I of Samuel tells about the first kings of Israel, named Saul and David. It speaks of the triumph over the Philistines and the rescue of the ark of God, which is interpreted as a guaranteed victory by the people of Israel. It is related how Samuel urges Israel to repent, where God’s protection over his people is again evident in the reading.
There was already an anticipated desire to have a human King on the part of Israel, but this definitely had to be similar or concurrent with the Kingdom of God, so Samuel, after making it clear and rebuking them for the sin of wanting a human King, presents the selection of Saul to be their King, chosen by chance.
Saul, being the recognized King in Israel, disobeyed the instructions of the prophet Samuel, which was interpreted as refusing to be an instrument of the Lord to govern his people, for which he was rejected. The choice of the Lord by David is then related, so that he would be the successor of Saul.
In the Thematic Summary of the Book of Samuel I, the history of the beginning of the reign of Israel is recounted, starting with the birth of Samuel, his youth and the call to be a prophet. Then the beginning of the reign under the tutelage of Samuel, the Reign of Saul and the failure of him and the rise of David as King of Israel are reviewed.
In the Book of Samuel 2, Samuel is related to David as a Theocratic King. You can also read the detail of the beginning of his reign recognized and initially acclaimed in Hebron where the tribe of Judah was. Then with the death of Ishbosheth, one of Saul’s descendants, David was recognized by all.
David took Jerusalem and drove out the Jebusites and made it his city and royal residence, then brought the ark of the Lord from the house of Abinadab to Jerusalem, which gave David credibility and respect for the kingdom of the Lord and his rules over him and the nation.
Fulfilling his promise, being the city under the command of David, it was a prosperous city, he defended it from his enemies. David wanted to build a temple for the people of Israel to praise God, but God built a temple for David, his dynasty.
David was not a perfect King but he had the humility to recognize his sins, and even when situations occurred that caused death in his family, God was benevolent with David and his reign was used as the example to measure the reigns that followed.
The Book ends with David’s words of gratitude and his uncertainty before the fulfillment of the promise of the arrival of a King better than him, who would lead the men of the chosen people as the people of God along the path of the word and designs of God. God. The thematic summary details the consolidation of the reign of Israel and the reflections of the reign of David.
1 of Kings
An author is not specified for this Book, however Jeremiah is traditionally recognized as its author. The Book of Kings I recounts the reign of Solomon after the death of David, beginning the story with a single kingdom, which ends up being divided, forming the kingdom of Judah and the kingdom of Israel.
The Book of 1 Kings begins with Solomon who was born after a great scandal occurred in the palace between David and Bathsheba. So much like his father in his weakness and attraction to women that he would lead to his failure. (See also: Poems for Evangelical Christian Pastors )
His beginnings were good, he prayed for wisdom and began the construction of a temple and then a palace for himself that took longer to build than the temple of praise. Unfortunately Solomon moved away from God and after his death Israel was led by various impious and idolatrous kings, consequently the people also moved away from God.
2 of Kings
The Book of Kings 2 is a continuation of the story referred to in the Book of Kings I, in which the expulsion of the people of Israel and Judah is recounted, the people of Israel were deported to Assyria and the people of Judah deported to Babylon. All this as a consequence of their forgetting to praise, respect and live under the word of God.
This Book tells of the warning of the prophets to the people of Israel about the judgment of God, however, the people continued to be governed by Kings who kept them away from the path of God and they did not put up resistance, nor did they show repentance.
Also in this Book of Kings 2 tells us that despite the disobedience of the Israeli people that unleashes the righteous wrath of God, he never failed to fulfill his promise not to exterminate David’s family, demonstrating once again the fulfillment of his word, his love and mercy.
From this Book of Kings 2 we can recognize that God does not tolerate sin and betrayal of his word and will always interfere to prevent it from continuing eternally. God is a loving father and that is why he must correct his children, we will always be warned through the words of his prophets, which are nothing more than his own word as a measure to avoid judgment.
This Book as its name indicates is a chronicle of many sources already written, much of the work compiled by the author was used from the Books of Samuel and the Books of Kings, the Book of the Pentateuch, Judges, Ruth and many others.
It is a Book dedicated to the exiled community in which many questions are asked regarding the condition of the relationship that the people of God will have in the future, whether or not the pacts and the promises are kept.
It is written in such a way that sadness and repentance are felt when recounting the conditions of the temple and as it shows all the work done by David, it shows the value of the delegate of God’s purposes and like all of this, it is the new purpose of the people to rebuild the temple. He demonstrates how all this is more important to maintain the relationship between Israel and God, than the presence or absence of a king to guide the people.
But obedience is of utmost importance, because sins are punished severely. The Book of Chronicles 1 speaks of the entire people of Israel, of its divisions or tribes, but it is always treated as a single people of God, making it very clear that God was always interested in his people, regardless of where they settled.
Most of the history found in the Book of Chronicles 1 is directed in detail at the reign of David and Solomon, extolling them, because he generally leaves out in his stories any situation that could tarnish both kingdoms.
In the thematic summary of Book Chronicles 1, the creation of the restoration is identified in which the Patriarchs are spoken of, the 12 sons of Jacob, the Family of Judah, the sons of Simeon, the Tribe of Manasseh, the descendants of Levi.
As we mentioned, it details the Kingdom of David, where the death of Saul, the Capture of Jerusalem, the return of the ark, the fulfillment of the promise of the dynasty, and much of the Book of Deuteronomy are detailed. Solomon’s reign is also discussed, detailing the Gift of Wisdom, the building of the temple, other activities of King Solomon, his splendor and his death. It concludes with the Schism and the History of each of the Kings of Judah.
The Book of Chronicles 2 makes the evaluation of religious or priesthood history. It recounts the history of the kingdom of Judah, in detail from the reign of Solomon until the exile to Babylon. Since the focus is more on the efforts made to return the people to the path of the Lord, the kingdom of Israel is practically not talked about, we must remember that the people of Israel refused to return to the path.
We can rescue from reading the Book Chronicles 1 and 2 how through the stories of Israel and Judah we can incur in disobedience and be punished by the wrath of God or decide to be obedient and benefit from his promises.
The Book of Ezra has the particularity that it originates from the fusion of the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah, sometimes it is presented as Ezra 1 and 2 and in others it can be recognized as the Book of Ezra and the Book of Nehemiah, they are treated as a single book.
This Book recounts in detail how the people who had covenanted with God and after being exiled to Babylon were once again forgiven and restored to the covenanted land, but as a theocratic community. We must clearly understand when we talk about a theocratic community, we are talking about the existence of a government in which its leaders agree with the ideas of the religious leaders. (See also: Pray for my husband )
The book of Ezra begins where the Book of Chronicles 2 concludes, where Cyrus, King of Persia, issues a decree that allows the return of the Jews to Jerusalem after seventy years of captivity. It clearly tells how everything was an achievement of God, where the restoration of the people of Israel is due to his work and grace, as well as the way in which the emperors acted, the prophets who echoed his words, the ministries of Ezra and Nehemiah and rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem.
Of course it was not an easy job because the forgiveness and restoration of Israel always met strong opposition, but just as God judged his people, he also protected and supported them in the restoration process.
In the thematic summary we can highlight the return from exile and reconstruction of the temple, the list of exiles who returned, the restoration of the Altar and the Cult. There is also the emphasis on the opposition encountered by Israel for the rebuilding of the temple and its completion. Being the Book of Esdras, it recounts in detail the return and reforms of Ezra.
The Book of Nehemiah lists all the descendants who were in captivity and would return to Jerusalem and Judah. It recounts how those sons of priests who had lost their genealogy were denied the priesthood.
The author of the Book of Esther is Jewish, his name is unknown but all the evidence, as well as the way he tells the story, the reference sites he describes, indicate that the author was Persian. Based on the language used, it is estimated that it was a Book written approximately 331 years before Christ, before the fall of the Persian Empire.
The Book of Esther has as its main objective the record of the Purim festival that alludes to the liberation of the Jewish people during the reign of Ahasuerus. It also emphasizes recognizing the Amalekites as the initiators of a conflict generated against the people of Israel since the exodus. Haman’s decree to destroy the Jewish people is repealed with Haman’s defeat giving the persecuted people a break.
It recounts in pair compositions the parties, the banquets, the meetings of the women, the encounters of Esther with the king without prior notice, among other situations that take place in history and the period told in the Book of Esther. However, it is very striking that in this Book God is never spoken of, it is one of the outstanding characteristics, however, it must be interpreted that it was written with all intent in this way, as a way of showing that God is in control. After all, there are no coincidences but causalities directed by God.
In the thematic summary of the Book of Esther, reference is made to the Feast of Ahasuerus where Esther is proclaimed Queen, of course the Feasts of Esther where the plot against Haman is forged, where Esther is convinced to collaborate and of course death of Amman and ends with the Feast of Purim.
The author of the Book is unknown, but based on the writing, a righteous and older man is recognized who resisted with strength and rectitude the suffering inflicted, without doubting or going against God. The Book can have two valid interpretations, one of them being that it is addressed to martyrs who struggled with a crisis of faith, generated by so much suffering, it is not easy to remain upright in the word of God, when the suffering is deep and lasts a long time. , the Book is intended to guide them along the way.
It can also be interpreted that it was written with the intention of discussing high-level theological issues. Because the ways in which God may or may not allow suffering in his children could be interpreted. It is a deep subject because those who have suffered have heard the words of those wise men who have learned.
The author in his story tells us a story so that we do not doubt and be strong in faith, he asks us not to listen to logical arguments, which discuss in a very light way the ways in which God decides to teach us and calls us to listen to the voice of our heart.
The Book of Job describes how the suffering of people can be interpreted and the possibility that it is an indicator of their guilt in the eyes of God. However, the approach that the author of the Book of Job raises is that believing that God’s purpose is to make us suffer is the opportunity for those who want to distance us from God, because thinking that way creates a gap between God and people to effect a separation and indifference that cannot be reconciled.
We must then see suffering as the opportunity to demonstrate our holiness and know that we will overcome it because God is with us always and does not abandon us. He also tells us how he makes Job see before God as a respectful man to his word only for the benefit he receives and not for pure love for God. (See also: Prayer for a deceased father on his anniversary From him)
God decides that this being of evil advances in his intentions with Job as a strategy so that his creation does not suffer damage or there are causes that put it in doubt. Job, away from any sign of favor from God, remained in his righteousness, which was attacked by the logic of orthodox theology that questioned God, why so much suffering if he loves him? Job is dying alone, but deep down his holiness has been authentic and he knows that one day he will be vindicated.
Job is subjected to a second test, which he also overcomes, recognizes the limits of human wisdom and learns to live with the wisdom of God. The author lets us understand in a beautiful way that when suffering we must remain without doubts of our love for God, only him, not his gifts, we have to trust in his goodness, even when we feel that suffering exceeds human wisdom .
The thematic summary of the Book of Job begins with Job’s happiness, and then details Job’s Trial where his relationship with God and God’s love for Job are called into question, the dialogues and disputes about suffering, the cycle of speeches, until arriving at the verdict of God and the restoration.
The Book of Psalms is a collection that took a long time to compile and give it structure, we speak of centuries of work by many people. It is about a compilation of prayers and praises, but its object is much more than that, the Book of Psalms is totally oriented to instruct its readers about the faith.
The Psalms are 150 and were divided into five books that are compiled as follows: the first Book compiles the Psalms from 1 to 41, the second Book compiles them from 42 to 72, the third Book compiles them from 73 to 89, the fourth Book compiles them from 90 to 106 and the fifth Book compiles them from 107 to 150. It is important to point out for our knowledge that the first two Books belong to the time before the exile of the people of Israel.
It is also said that the Psalter was initially conceived as a single Book, this assertion follows from the fact that Psalms 1 and 2 are the introduction to the Book of Psalter and Psalms 146 to 150 are the conclusion.
The studies carried out on The Psalms have allowed their classification, which allows their study to be easier, based on this, we speak of the Psalms classified as prayers of the individual, those that are prayers asking God for help, those that are prayers of communities , those who make up the praises to God that are born from the community making requests for help and salvation.
There are also the Psalms that make confessions of trust in the Lord, the hymns of praise for his majesty and virtues, the hymns that celebrate the Kingdom of God, the songs of Zion, the city of God, liturgical songs, didactic songs.
The Psalms are texts full of passionate experiences highly enriched with metaphors and puns. The psalms are books of prayer and praise as we have indicated before, but there are also psalms with a form and purpose of teaching, therefore, they are very rich texts in theology.
They pray and praise in the context of knowing and accepting faith in life, in hope, in worship, in service, and in morals. They also emphasize the creation of God, King of Kings, it is understood that his kingdom is peaceful as long as we remain upright, but with his power he will purge everything that is not worthy of him. The Psalms allow us to recognize a unique created kingdom where everyone and everything depends on God, to deny it is to feed evil.
The author of the Book of Proverbs is King Solomon, it is estimated that it was written 900 years before Christ, at this time it was the time when the people of Israel had a very high spiritual level and all areas of Solomon’s reign were They were at their best.
In the Book of Proverbs it is a compilation of facts, experiences and knowledge that show and point out that wisdom is the gift of seeing everything from God’s point of view. In the Book of Proverbs, Solomon reveals that way in which God sees people, situations, not only in ordinary situations for the human being, but also reveals the way in which God observes and analyzes matters that are at a higher level. top, lofty.
King Solomon makes reference in the Book of Proverbs to all the issues that make up people’s lives, behavior and environment, which is why this Book is so enriching, because it shows us how God, from his wisdom, approaches and understands aspects such as ambition, revenge, vices, to name some of the negative behaviors, but also those such as kindness, charity, discipline, among many others.
There are proverbs that are very wise and allow us to clearly understand their message, such as proverb 1:7 that says “The beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord. The foolish despise wisdom and instruction.” Also 4: 5 in which he invites us to acquire wisdom and intelligence using the reasons of God.
Making a summary of the Book of Proverbs is not possible because this Book does not tell us a story, nor does it have a central theme or a plot with some characters, therefore, we can only point to wisdom as a theme and this makes it truly enriching because Regardless of whether a deep or superficial reading is carried out, we will always obtain forceful and teaching words from him.
It is actually a constant invitation to seek and understand God’s wisdom and bring it to our daily life the way God sees it. It speaks of understanding and obtaining that wisdom from the respect and fear of God.
Because when we deviate from the path and God gives us the opportunity to redeem ourselves from our sins and we do not do it, his wrath and justice are forceful, that fear of God is what does not place in the path of Christ, because he his only son is wisdom , expressed and shown in his plan of redemption to save the human race.
There are thirty-one chapters that teach us how we should do things, by carefully reading the Book of Proverbs we can identify in each of King Solomon’s words that by understanding wisdom as God understands it, joy, prosperity are ours just by asking for them, because by following the word of God we are blessed.
There is no absolute certainty of who wrote the Book of Ecclesiastes, some maintain that it was Solomon himself, however, the intervention of other authors is also identified. The Book of Esclesiastes is a revelation that is written from the Master who wants to warn us of how sad it can be to seek happiness in the material things and banalities of the world.
His writing develops and is told through the experience of a person who seeks appreciation for life through human life and even being wise from his wisdom does not find the meaning of life.
Therefore, after seeking happiness in each of the worldly pleasures, he comes to the conclusion that accepting the word of God and having faith is actually the only way in which he can achieve the meaning of life.
In the things of the world there is temporality in everything, while in those of God there is eternity and here lies the overwhelming difference, when this great truth is identified through reading the Book of Ecclesiastes, life makes sense, it is not a temporary life is an eternal life. The Book in its first chapters describes life under the sun to refer to everything mundane.
For his part, in the last chapters the Master or preacher gives us suggestions on how life should be lived, his own experience and search allows him to speak accurately that the meaning of life is found in God and that is why he advises following him from an early age. age.
Song of songs
Its author is Solomon and its title is intentional to make it understood that it is the best, it is believed that it was written at the beginning of Solomon’s reign, that is, approximately in the year 965 before Christ. It is a lyrical poem, it is a Book that through its writing shows us the virtues of love that can exist between a husband and his wife, it is the example of how God presents the sacrament of marriage, where love begins with what spiritual, then emotional and finally physical love.
It is so beautifully written that it tells the love story from the courtship, then the marriage and also at the stage where the relationship reaches maturity. The songs begin of course before the marriage where they describe that they must wait the necessary time for love to really blossom, despite their desire to be together.
The future husband sings about the beauty of his future wife and singing a dream about the loss of the husband, the future wife with the help of the palace guards looks for him and finds him and hugs him tightly, guiding him to a place where no one can hurt you.
In the song of songs it is described how on the wedding night the wife invites her husband to try everything she has to offer and God blesses this union, they spend happy times and in the maturity of the marriage they experience difficulties and another dream of the wife says that she is left alone because her husband has left, however, he returns, they reconcile and show love strengthened and secure.
Although the Song of Songs shows us a love relationship between a man and a woman, it is perfectly comparable to the relationship between Christ and his Church, we as a Church begin with a spiritual love and we are covered by the love of Christ.
This Book was written by Isaiah, considered by many to be the greatest prophet. Isaiah begins his ministry approximately 740 years before Christ. This Book is written based on the history of the period lived during the Assyrian expansion and the collapse of Israel. Isaiah’s literary writing with the use of poetry, prose, and personification make the Book a beautiful read.
It is said that at that time the Assyrians went to the eastern side of Syria and Canaan, Israel tried to make a collision to face the Assyrians, but the pretense of uniting with the kings of Aram and Judah were not possible. King Ahaz of Judah appealed to Assyria for help, a treason condemned in Isaiah.
God’s judgment and salvation are shown in the Book of Isaiah. In the story and development of it, Isaiah shows in detail each one of the trials and the reasons of the foundation that show that Israel was a blind and deaf people that would receive the punishment but also its redemption.
Isaiah makes it clear that God is the “Only Holy One of Israel” describes him as a sovereign Lord over all nations. He also points to the suffering of the people of Judah in Babylon as a prophetic act, as punishment for his betrayal.
It clearly spells out that God is compassionate and will deliver his people from the spiritual oppression that caused them to err on their way, but he will also deliver them from the oppression of evil rulers. For his position that the return of his people would not be easy, it would be a stormy road, but under the security of being saved to rebuild together with his servant “David” who would reign under his word the city of the Lord .
Making a thematic summary we can point out in chapter I the Reproaches and Promises since in this chapter the error of Judah in breaking the covenant with God is pointed out, but also the discipline and glory for the people are pointed out. Chapter 2 describes the prophecies generated by the Israelite and Aramean threats against Judah, this chapter of course details the destruction of Assyria and the establishment of the kingdom of the servant of God. (See also: Who wrote the Bible’s Psalm 121 )
Chapter 3 describes God’s judgment against the nations where individually describes the judgment to Assyria, Philistia, Moab, Aroer, Ethiopia, Egypt, Babylon, Duma, Arabia, Jerusalem and Tyre. In Chapter 4 he goes on to describe the judgment but also tells us about the Promises.
In chapter 5 he points out the sentences and in chapters 6 and 7 he indicates trials and promises and exile, respectively. In the second part of the Book of Isaiah he speaks of consolation, of the Liberation and Restoration of the people of Israel.
The Book of Jeremiah was estimated to have been written between 630 and 580 BC. This Book written by Jeremiah details the final prophecies to Judah. Jeremiah tells of the destruction to which Judah will be subjected if he does not remedy his actions and sins, it is a call to conscience and the need to ask for forgiveness and return to God’s path. In the development of the Book, it can be identified that Jeremiah was convinced that the people would not return to the path of God and that is why he writes about their inevitable destruction.
In his story, he reveals how the people after the death of the righteous King Josiah, the people diverted their path and began to idolize, even knowing God’s threat to condemn idolatry, the people ignored it. In his account he makes reference to all the times that God had forgiven and the times that he had saved them, but that they abused God’s mercy.
A specific author for this Book is unknown, however, it is logical to think that it was Jeremiah himself who wrote it, since he witnessed the destruction of his own people. It was written after the judgment on Jerusalem. It is not God who wields the punishment, the people of Judah after their idolatry facilitates the strengthening of evil and to get their attention and make them understand that they are wrong, God allows the siege of Babylon, who dispossess and destroy the city of Jerusalem.
One of the most direct verses of the Book of Lamentations tells us that Jehovah has done what he planned, he always keeps his word, he destroyed and did not spare, which makes the enemy rejoice. But also the Book of Lamentations allows us to see the mercy of God because he did not let them all be consumed.
The Book of Lamentations allows us to understand that the Babylonians were the tool of God, it makes it very clear that sin, rebellion and idolatry caused the wrath of God. Lamenting is appropriate in times of anguish, but one should not remain in lamentation, because we must give way to prayer that lets the Lord know about our repentance and contrition, because God, even in a terrible judgment, is a God of hope.
Ezequiel had a difficult mandate to execute but he never fainted in achievement, Ezequiel created his ministry at a time when the people were immersed in sin and Ezekiel did everything that God had entrusted him to guide the people towards repentance and resume faith and hope in God.
In the Book Ezekiel details how God asked him for a son of man to guide this people in rebellion, told him that he should do everything to soften their faces and soften their hearts and in case he did not succeed, these people knew that among them there was a prophet.
The Book of Ezekiel can be divided into four sections, the first where the prophecies about the destruction of Jerusalem are told, a second where the prophecies of God’s judgment are indicated, the third where Ezekiel calls for repentance and the fourth where the writes about the restoration of Israel.
By the year the Book of Daniel was written, Babylon had already conquered Judah and King Nebuchadnezzar had given the order to take the inhabitants of Judah to Babylon. Daniel the author of this Book served in the court of the king of Babylon and from his experience he wrote what happened, the prophecies and his visions.
It is a Book that tells the story of how the conquest of Jerusalem was, how Daniel himself along with many was deported to Babylon. Daniel recognizes that due to the gifts that God had given to his friends and to him, they were promoted to serve the King of Babylon, it is a way of showing the power and dominion of God over everything, it could be anyone, but they were those convinced of God.
Belsasar, son of the King of Babylon, disrespected a lot of the objects that had been taken in Jerusalem and God wrote a message on the wall, which could only be understood by Daniel, this message spoke of the judgment. He details in the book the punishments to which he was subjected and from which he was miraculously saved and mentions the ruler’s prophecy that he will make a covenant with Israel, but also break it.
From the Book of Daniel in its reading it is rescued that we must remain firm in our faith and in the hope that the word of God offers us. God is our savior father, omnipresent and we must trust in the plan that he has for each one of us and in the fulfillment of his promises.
The Book of Hosea contains the prophecies of Hosea, it is estimated that it was written between the years 755 and 725 before Christ. It is not certain that they are all the prophecies, but he was the only one who left them in writing.
The Book of Hosea is a sign of God’s love for his children, it shows us through reading that despite all the times that the people of Israel deviated from the path of the word of God, he keeps his covenant unalterable. However, it is not only a sample of what God’s love is like, but a warning message for those who stray from the path and follow false gods, but in the end the Book has a structure that allows us to identify sin, judgment and love through forgiveness.
In the thematic summary we can identify how Hosea’s adulterous wife leaves him to return to her lovers, as a comparison of the people of Israel when they are unfaithful to God by idolizing other gods. (See also: The 10 Commandments that evangelical Christians follow )
In the second part of the Book of Hosea, he shows his denunciation of the Israelite people, which is accompanied by the promises and mercy of God. The last part of the Book details forgiveness when God’s children repent and most notably the prophecy of the coming of Israel’s Messiah.
The Book of Joel is a prophecy of divine judgment on Judah, describes in his book about the advance of the locusts and their devastating presence, writes about the sound emitted by the swarms destroying everything in their path and calls for the people to repent.
It is the day of judgment for the wicked and of salvation for those who remain faithful to God. In the Book of the prophecies of Joel it declares that the Holy Spirit will be poured out “on all flesh”, although the gifts are for few at the moment of Grace the gifts will be for all humanity.
The pouring out of the Holy Spirit on the 120 believers on the day of Pentecost is only the beginning of Joel’s promise and prophecy. The Holy Spirit is found in the heart of each one of the people, he brings us the understanding of the offered Salvation that is multiplied because the Holy Spirit uses the body of non-believers as a temple.
He makes the prediction of the meeting of the nations, the intervention of God will occur, in his Book he describes future events, he speaks of blood, fire, darkness in the sun, he speaks of the salvation of the one who invokes Jehovah.
Amos’ life was spent in the fruit fields of a Jewish village in Tecoa. God called Amos and entrusted him with his mission. Ammon was to minister to him and carry the message to Israel. It was a time of prosperity, however, internally the people of Israel were corrupt. Amos is in charge of making them see that they are wrong, that they are a greedy people, that they idolize other Gods, that they oppress the poor, however, all his preaching is dismissed.
The Book of Amos tells the story of how close the judgment is, despite being prophetic in its word, it also writes about God’s promise of restoration. Describes the thousand years of reign of Christ on earth, time of peace ruled by the Savior.
The Book of Obadiah only has 21 verses and they tell why the Edomites must suffer God’s judgment. Esau and Jacob were twin brothers, who quarreled and created a division so deep that they generated Esau’s descendants who were the Edomites and Jacob’s descendants who were Israelites.
During the exodus of the people of Israel from Egypt, the Edomites did not allow the passage through their land, keeping alive the division of the brothers. It is a demonstration of the pride of Edom, which Obadiah describes in the Book of him.
Not only does it describe how pride is maintained in Edom, but it also details that they rejoiced at the misfortune of Jacob’s descendants, so the judgment cannot go unnoticed. Obadiah concludes the Book of him with the promise of Zion’s deliverance. Reading him makes it clear that pride and arrogance are sins, also the word of God makes it very clear to help others, the helpless and the people of Edom, it was not with the people of Israel.
Jónas is the author of the Book, being a servant of God, he is entrusted with carrying the message to the city of Nineveh of God’s judgment. Nineveh was such a large city that according to what Jónas himself relates, it can take three days to walk to cross it. Jonas disagrees with God’s desire to deliver the message to such a despicable nation before delivering it to Israel.
Making a decision that goes against what God has entrusted to him, he embarks on a ship to go to Israel, however, a storm causes the ship to sink, however, Jónas insisted on doing what he considered just. His stubbornness was contradicted by God who makes a huge fish eat them and lasts 3 days in his stomach, so that later he was vomited on land.
Jónas understood that he could not go against the word of God and decides to take the message to the city of Nineveh. Arriving in Nineveh and making the announcement “Forty days from now Nineveh will be destroyed”, the people of Nineveh repented and God annulled the judgment. However, Jónas did not change his haughty and annoyed behavior for having done the Grace of God on the pagans of Nineveh.
The Book recounts through Jonah’s experience the miracles, the power of God to fulfill his missions, but also makes very clear the unlimited grace through the forgiveness of judgment to a pagan city like Nineveh. It also makes it very clear that even being believers in opportunities it is difficult for us to submit to the will of God, just as Jónas refused to deliver the announcement to the city of Nineveh. It is a Book that leaves us with a lot of teaching through the life of Jónas, because he describes the miracles
The Book of Micah is a story of the condemnation of all those who made the people deviate from the path of God and who also enslaved and exploited them. The Book is complex to understand because there is in it a mixture between the judgment of God and the Hope that the people should have.
Within Micah’s prophecies is the judgment of Israel and the condemnation of rulers and false prophets. As the Book unfolds, the destruction of Jerusalem and Sumaria are identified, and Micah writes of the restoration and transformation of Israel and Jerusalem.
In a detailed account of the prophecy the liberation of the people is indicated, the destruction of the nations that united to destroy Jerusalem. The triumph will be of the descendants of Jacob, the purge of all idolatry. The Book of Micah concludes with the confession of sins by the people of Israel and their liberation.
The Book of Nahum recounts the recidivism of the people of Nineveh despite the fact that God sent Jonas to them, these after their repentance and subsequent cessation of God’s wrath had become impious again and now even more cruel and evil than those that God he had forgiven because of his repentance.
Nahum had the mission of giving hope to the people of Judah through the judgment of God, making the Assyrians receive their punishment. Nahúm, like Jónas, carries the message of judgment, however, Nahúm was not heard and Babylon takes Nineveh under its power. We must recognize in the Book of Nahum the patience of God and the fact also that he should not be mocked.
The Book of Habakkuk refers to the disobedience of Judah and Jerusalem, a city forgotten the word of God, where the material was above the spiritual, the level of anarchy that was seen in the city was such that it could be compared with Sodom.
Habakkuk prayed for his people and that is why God chooses him to reveal the judgment that would soon be the heavy punishment of a people who forgot God. The punishment would come from the hand of an extremely violent and cruel army. But in the frenzy of his madness no one heard Habakkuk’s prophecy, furthermore no one could imagine that such barbarism could be possible.
Habakkuk, a man of God, who prayed for his people, could not believe that the judgment was so terrible, he also could not believe that God did not listen to his pleas for his people to return to nourish their spirituality, he asked for the revival of his people and not was heard.
This minimal doubt of Habakkuk was heard by evil, Habakkuk questioned God, he doubted that his prayer had not been heard. He imagined a passive God, even indolent, as it was possible for the wicked, the impious to become strong. Habakkuk strengthened evil by hesitating to get an answer from God. Habakkuk understood that in his prayer and desperation to understand the supposed silence of God he understood that the just will live by faith . (See also: How to start reading the Christian Bible )
Book of Zephaniah
In the Book of Zephaniah it can be read with explicit clarity from the prophet that nothing, neither their silver nor their gold, will free them from the wrath of Jehovah. He writes about the judgment of the Lord and nothing will stop his wrath on Judah and Jerusalem.
I do not doubt in his writings because he was very aware that he was only the vehicle to carry the word of God. He makes it very clear that none of the idolized gods nor all the military might could save them from judgment.
The Book of Zephaniah makes it clear to us in its scriptures the sovereignty of God over the nations, that all those who stray from the path of God will be punished and those who have remained faithful in their faith will be vindicated, and those who repent will be blessed. .
From the scriptures of the Book of Zephaniah we can rescue both for the times that are currently lived, no matter the time, the word of God will always be valid. There will be punishment for the wicked, the righteous will be recognized by God, we can sin we are free from it, but we will not be able to escape judgment without repenting of heart and action.
The Book of Haggai is written in Jerusalem and in it the prophecies that are all related to the rebuilding of Zerubbabel’s temple are recognized. Haggai is the first of the prophets after the captivity. Haggai motivates the people to rebuild the temple of God, that is the place for his worship, reminding them of the glorious future.
In the Book of Haggai the central theme is the rebuilding of the Temple of God, in the first chapter the speech used to motivate the people to rebuild the temple, which had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, is detailed, pointing out that the absence of the conditions to be able to growing food is generated by a lack of spirituality.
In the second chapter it is developed on the words of consolation addressed to the people who lived the glory of Solomon. The reconstruction of the temple had been abandoned, the elders discouraged those who worked on the temple because it did not have the magnificence of Solomon’s temple. Haggai made them understand the importance of this temple and the people managed through Haggai’s words to finish it in just 4 years.
The third chapter speaks of the blessing of God that will fall on his people and the words of Haggai about the Glory that will fall on the Temple of Zerubbabel. Finally, the fourth chapter speaks of the promise of the messianic kingdom, reestablishing the Davidic lineage which will culminate with the kingdom of Christ.
The Book of Zechariah outlines the path of preparation to receive the arrival of the Messiah. Zechariah recognized his mission in his son, he would be a prophet who would prepare the way. The purpose of God’s incarnation in his son was to show us what he was really like.
The Book of Zechariah allows us to prepare for the arrival of the Messiah, it shows us the true face of God, a being of love, forgiveness and mercy, full of patience. Prophetically he says in his book “Blessed be the Lord, God of Israel, for he has come to rescue his people.” Zechariah’s son will go before the Lord letting the people know that God forgives them for their sins and will give them salvation.
This is the last book of the Old Testament, the Book of Malachi is separated by more than 400 years from the Book of Matthew, despite the fact that there is nothing written in more than 4 centuries, the Book of Malachi and the Book of Matthew are intertwined. Malachi is the last of the so-called minor prophets, he was the last voice that would speak to Israel.
Like the Books of Haggai and Zechariah, Malachi is written from Jerusalem after the people ceased to be captive to Babylon. Malachi’s very name means “my messenger,” and his prophecy is the coming of the Messiah.
In chapter 1 of his Book, Malachi delivers a message to the priests and lets the people know that a corrupt priesthood is equal to a people far from God, the best must be given to the Lord because he is the King of Kings. In the Book we also find the call for attention to a dissatisfied people who speak of injustice. It is the preparatory path for the arrival of Jesus.
Malaquias culminates his Book in that they convert from heart lest at his arrival he come with destruction to strike the earth. It is the entrance of Saint John the Baptist to prepare everyone and receive Jesus into his hearts.
New Testament books
As we commented at the beginning of the article, the books that the Reina Valera Bible has are arranged in two large blocks 39 that make up the Old Testament and 27 that make up the New Testament. Next we will describe the content of the Books that the Reina Valera Bible has in the New Testament. These 27 Books contain the gospels of the life and work of Christ.
The Gospel of Matthew
In this Book, Matthew reaffirms through the gospel the teachings of Jesus learned in the Kingdom of God. He presents Jesus as the authority, justice and Master of the Kingdom. He very clearly expresses that the church is not walls, it is men gathered together, living as brothers, serving under the word of God.
The Gospel according to Mark
Marcos learned the word of God from Pedro and wrote each word with strict fidelity to the teachings received from his teacher. His gospel begins with the Baptism of Jesus, shows through his words how Jesus was followed by the crowds. He also makes clear the humility of Jesus, who did not want to be praised for the miracles he performed, he wanted to be an example for men to love him from the heart. He speaks of Jesus’ disappointment, because he felt that men did not understand the real meaning of his arrival and his mission.
The Gospel according to Saint Luke
Lucas writes about the importance of the word well used and attached to the true messages that Jesus brought to the world, that is why the importance of preaching, explains through his writing that the salvation of man is Jesus Christ, but we must convert to the gospel. He presents the Holy Spirit as an inexhaustible source of joy for those who believe.
The Gospel according to Saint John
The disciple loved by Jesus, delivers in his Book the assertion that Jesus is the one sent by God, he is the testimony of God revealed by his Glory. Jesus came into the world to save us and whoever does not believe is condemned to live in darkness. He makes the detail of the symbols and shows us the message to achieve eternal life. (See also: Prayer of Protection for children )
Acts of the Apostles
The Acts of the Apostles is a sample of the fulfillment of the mandate of the risen Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ left the Apostles in charge of making his testimony known to the entire world. The intervention and strength of the Holy Spirit building through evangelization is reflected in this compilation that forms the Book of Acts of the Apostles.
Letter to the Romans
The mission of the apostle Paul who made long and difficult trips in his evangelizing mission is detailed, in one of those trips before leaving again to evangelize towards the West of the territory, he writes this beautiful letter. In it he speaks to the Romans about Sin, about the work of Christ, the Law of Moses, Baptism and much more. Making in it a revelation of the faith of the Jewish people, the detail and the importance of the topics covered in it, make it a fundamental piece within Christianity.
Corinthians 1 and 2
Corinth was a city of low morals, it was born again from the hands of Julius Caesar who decided to rebuild it, it was highly developed, there was government, business and more. In these Books Paul shows himself as an apostle and describes what an apostle of Jesus Christ is.
Despite being a city far from God, the Lord recognized that there were many people there and it was a commitment to rescue them so that they would follow the path of Jesus. In Corinthians 2 is the word of God for the creation of the church of God, Paul strengthens in his writing the healing of the Corinthians in Jesus.
Letter to the Galatians
In Galatia, Christian preachers were established who distorted the true word, because to be a child of God one does not have to feel suffering. In this Book, Paul speaks of the freedom of Christianity without subjection, making it very clear in his reading that salvation is only achieved by having faith and believing in Jesus Christ.
Letter to the Ephesians
This letter details the plan God created that would be executed through Jesus Christ and the Church. It points to the power of Christ over the entire universe, it indicates that the church is the union of man in evangelization as an instrument that serves Christ. It indicates the clear union that there should be between Jews and pagans as a single people, becoming their own temple.
Letter to the Philippians
Written by the Apostle Paul, as thanks for the support he received from the Philippi. He writes a very loving and close letter in which he exhorts the Philippians to strengthen themselves in faith, to remain united and strengthen themselves in the word of Jesus Christ.
Written by Paul, it points out that men of faith cannot be deceived and be dazzled by the material things of the world because this is to deviate from the path of Christ. It details that God is mercy, humility, love, patience and forgiveness by all wearing this garment of virtues of God that he has taught us through his only son, we will be able to forgive, tolerate and more. The intention of this book was to eliminate the heresy that existed in Colossae through Christ our Lord.
First Letter to the Thessalonians
This book is the result of the experiences of the apostle Paul on his second evangelistic journey to the capital of Thessalonica. From there, due to resistance from the Jewish community, he had to leave unexpectedly, leaving the Christian community that he had founded. At the time he received encouraging news that his community had remained in the faith, but they were concerned about his loved ones who had passed away.
Paul writes this first letter addressed to the Thessalonians in which he tells them that they must always work for salvation and sanctification. His words are clear and directed with the intention that they never feel threatened and never alone.
Second Letter to the Thessalonians
He writes to them acknowledging their work to remain faithful to the word of God, he encourages them to stay away from those who do not live in the doctrine of the gospel. He tells them in this second letter about the end times and the importance of keeping working in service to drive away idleness and teaches them to pray for others.
Paul on his evangelistic journeys recognized Timothy’s ability to lead a ministry. Timothy learned from him and his leadership was innate. Paul writes to him to invite him to follow up on the church in Ephesus and take his preaching to the churches in the province of Asia. He recommends him to be aware of false prophets, he tells him about the moral values and the qualities that bishops should have. The consideration of the elderly is exalted in the letter.
In a moment of uncertainty and knowing that his life was in the hands of the Romans, Paul writes a second letter to Timothy asking him to continue strengthening the church. He asks her to preach the word at all times, that the tiredness does not matter, that she does not lose faith, that she does not fear, he warned her that times would come but that those who remained in the Christian faith would end up strengthened and rewarded by Jesus Christ.
Letter to Titus
Pablo had decided to evangelize towards the west of the territory but he was imprisoned in Jerusalem and after several years he was taken to Rome to be judged. In this beautiful scripture he dedicates it to the elders and pastors of the church, exhorts them to respect the obligations according to their place in society, to be submissive to authority. In it he notes his next meeting with Titus at Nicopolis, in western Greece.
Letter to Philemon
Philemon was touched by Paul’s evangelizing word and became a Christian by creating a church in his house. Paul addresses this letter to Philemon while he is in prison, in which he tells him about the slave who had run away from his house and who, meeting him in Rome, had converted to Christianity. Paul asks Philemon to receive him on his return as a Christian brother and not as a slave. It is a beautiful way to show the Grace of God in the treatment of the brothers.
Letter to the Hebrews
The Hebrews are the Jews of Palestine and the letter is addressed to them. Despite being a community that had suffered deeply, their faith in the Son of God encouraged them to find the promised land. (See also: Prayer of the blood of Christ to protect the family )
This letter is addressed to priests to help their church understand that Christ is the new Temple, the way that guides men before God. The letter guides them to understand that everything transcended that Jesus through his sacrifice and his glory is the only and authentic priest.
The Letter of Santiago
In the writing of Santiago the path of faith is clearly described, he makes it very clear in his writing that faith is present through actions and social justice, making it clear that these are the representations of the same faith in action .
It makes it very clear that the accumulation of wealth and those people who consider themselves self-sufficient move away from the doctrine, the faithful must have a strong faith that will be reflected in the coherence that exists between word and actions.
Pedro knew of mistreatment and persecution and the writings of this Book are addressed to the persecuted, those Christians who were forced to flee and be scattered throughout the world. He wanted through his experience to strengthen them and show them that faith can be kept without suffering breaking it.
In this scripture, Peter identifies the false prophets, invites Christians to strengthen their bonds of faith in order to reject the false gospel that was entering the churches. He speaks of the promises of the Lord and comments on the qualities of false prophets. He reminds them of the second arrival of Christ, that hope will make them stay on the right path and grow in God’s grace along the way.
Juan through this writing confronts nosticism. He writes that confessing sins is the first step to being forgiven, because the righteous let them know that they are children of God. The letter of John is a guide to recognize themselves as true Christians, followers of the word. He names disobedience as the first sin, details the difference between joy and happiness.
In his second scripture, John practically pleads for those who have become Christians to stick to the word. He writes the need to love each other because love is the foundation of the church. He recognizes as false prophets those who speak of the spiritual resurrection and not the carnal one.
It is a perfectly written letter in which John addresses three recipients, in the same letter he praises Gaius, the leader of a ministry and encourages him to continue the doctrine, because with her and her work the gospel will go further every day. He warns of the behavior of those autocratic leaders, which is unacceptable in the church and emphasizes the need to stay on the path of the word and stay away from those who do not have a behavior like the one that our Lord Jesus Christ taught us.
Judas writes so that believers do not let themselves be guided by false evangelizers who endanger the church, his writing speaks of faith as the strength to resist and remain in the doctrine. He speaks of a spiritual war, in which one must be submissive before God, it is a test and we must stay close to the Lord to win the battle.
This Book is the revelation of the mysteries of a final judgment, in which we will be judged. John in his writing allows us to recognize the glory of heaven, which is reserved only for those who stayed on the path and the doctrine of Jesus Christ, who will go to heaven to live eternal life. He also points out the fate of those who followed the path away from good, who will go down to hell and live there forever. God is patient and merciful, Jesus Christ waits for the repentance of his children.
Classification of the Books that the Reina Valera Bible has
A fact that fills us with great hope when we talk about the Bible is that it was written approximately 1600 years ago, there were more than 40 men who were touched by God and served as his instrument to write his word, others had the blessing of knowing and learn directly from Jesus.
On this original foundation of the sacred writings, the Bible is consolidated as a single book, however, as we already know, there are actually 66 different books. The last revision made to the version that is used in Latin America to evangelize was made in 1960 and kept the same number of books.
The Reina Valera Bible is divided into the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Old Testament is made up of 39 Books ranging from the Book of Genesis to the Book of Malachi. This Old Testament in turn is divided into: Pentateuch, Historical Books, The Poetics and the Books of the Major Prophets and the Minor Prophets.
The Pentateuch is made up of five Books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Among all of them is the story of the creation of the heavens, the earth and man. In the Historical Books 12 Books are compiled: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel 1 and 2, Kings 1 and 2, Chronicles 1 and 2, Ezra and Nehemiah. These Books tell the story of Israel, its battles, victories, disobedience, repentance and redemption.
The Poetics are made up of 6 Books: Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Songs. They are Books that with beautiful words tell of God’s longing, they speak of his mercy and his love, but they also show the ingratitude of man and his disobedience.
The Major Prophets are made up of the Books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, and Daniel. These were men at the service of God, they were the ones who carried God’s messages to warn the Israelite people of their errors.
The Minor Prophets are made up of the Books of: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Like the Major Prophets, their mission was to carry God’s messages. To conclude, the New Testament is made up of the Gospels, the Book of Acts, the Letters of Paul and other apostles, and the Book of Revelations.
Chapters of the Books that the Reina Valera Bible has
As an additional detal we will indicate how many chapters are found in each of the Books that the Reina Valera Bible has, with this information you will be able to make a plan that allows you to establish a goal to read the Bible at a certain time.
Genesis: 50; Exodus: 40; Leviticus: 27; Numbers: 36; Deuteronomy: 34; Joshua: 24; Judges: 21; Ruth: 4; Samuel: 31; Kings 1:22; Kings 2: 25; Chronicles 1: 29; 2 Chronicles: 36; Ezra: 10; Nehemiah: 13; Ester: 10; Job: 42; Psalms: 150; Proverbs 31; Ecclesiastes: 12; Songs: 8; Isaiah: 66; Jeremiah: 52; Lamentations: 5; Ezekiel: 48; Daniel: 12; Hosea: 14; Joe: 3; Amos: 9; Obadiah:1; Jonas: 4; Micah: 7.
The Book of Nahum: 3; Habakkuk: 3; Zephaniah: 3; Haggai:2; Zechariah: 14; Malachi: 4; Matthew:28; Mark: 16; Luke: 24; Acts: 28; Romans: 16; Corinthians 1: 13; Corinthians 2: 13; Galatians: 6; Ephesians: 6; Philippians:4; Colossians: 4; Thessalonians 1:5; Thessalonians 2:3; Timothy 1:6; Timothy 2:4; Titus: 3; Philemon: 1; Hebrews: 13; James: 5; Peter 1:5; Peter 2:3; John 1:5; John 2:1; John 3:1; Jude: 1 and Revelation: 22.
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