The Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus, were the events that Jesus went through in the last moments of his life on this earth. In the following article you will know everything that he lived from the Mount of Olives to his resurrection on the third day and much more.
Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus
Below we will present a summary of the death and resurrection of Jesus where Saint John becomes the only one of the apostles who came to accompany the Lord Jesus in his last moments of life on this earth. At the end of the Gospel he gets to tell us what he saw. So we will know everything about the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus.
The Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus comes to refer to the last hours that our beloved Lord Jesus spent on earth. He begins with the Prayer that he performed in the Garden of Olives. Although it becomes necessary to speak before, just for a moment and briefly, of the Last Supper that he had with his disciples.
In all this story it is possible to notice that Jesus was fully aware of everything that was going to happen, this means, he allowed things to be done “so that the Scriptures might be fulfilled”. And in this way he will come to obey God the Father at all times, fully, totally and absolutely. The Passion and death of Jesus becomes the culmination of his Life, or to tell the truth, of the Redemption of the human race.
Before the Passion Jesus came to meet with his disciples, the 12 Apostles, to celebrate what is called the Passover dinner, to which he came to give a new meaning and also a mandate he says: ” Do this in memory of me” you can see in the book of Luke 22: 19.
Jesus Announces His Passion, Death and Resurrection to His Apostles
Many days before the Passover Feast, the Lord Jesus told the 12 Apostles: We are going to go up to Jerusalem. It is from that place that they are going to deliver me into the hands of the high priests and also the doctors of the Law. They will condemn me to death and deliver me into the hands of the Romans. They will make fun of me, spit on me, flog me and kill me. However, after three days, I will resurrect. You can see this in the book of Mark 10:32-34.
Judas, one of the Apostles, betrays his Lord
According to what the book of Mark chapter 14 verses 1 and 2 and verses 10 and 22 say, about 2 days before the Passover Feast, all the high priests and also the doctors of the Law met.
For a long time they were looking for a way, opportunity and way to catch the Lord Jesus and finally kill him. One of the 12 Apostles, called Judas Iscariot, went to the priests and told them: I am willing to come and deliver Jesus to you. These words were pleasant to their ears, so they offered him an excellent reward: a bag with 30 silver coins. From that moment, this man named Judas was looking for the moment to be able to deliver Jesus.
Garden of Olives
After the completion of the dinner they left for the Garden of Olives. In that place the Lord Jesus prayed to God the Father for what the word of God says: “And advancing a little, he prostrated himself with his face on the ground while praying, saying: My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; but not as I want, but as You want” (Matthew 26:39), this can be identified with the Will of God the Father.
Judas, 1 of the 12 apostles, knew this garden very well because on several occasions Jesus had come to meet in that place with his disciples. So he arrived at that place accompanied by the guards who were appointed and sent by the chief priests and the elders of the people, to finally stop the Lord Jesus.
All of them were armed with swords and sticks and lit themselves with the help of torches. The traitor had given them a sign saying: “He whom I kiss, that is it: seize him. And immediately he approached Jesus and said: Hail, Rabbi; and he kissed him” (Matthew 26:39). So at that moment they approached Jesus and stopped him. At the moment all the apostles left, they fled.
arrest of Jesus
Jesus, knowing very well everything that was going to happen before all this happened, went ahead of them and said: Who are you looking for? So they replied: To Jesus the Nazarene. Jesus answered them: I am. Judas, the one who was to betray him, was with them. When he told them “I am”, they recoiled and fell to the ground. He asked them again: Who are you looking for? so they responded again: To Jesus the Nazarene. Jesus answered: I have told you that I am; if you seek me, let all these go. Thus the word of God that he had said was fulfilled: I have not lost any of those you gave me.
So Simon Peter, who had a sword with him, drew it, struck a servant of the High Priest, and cut off his right ear. The name of this servant was Marco. Instantly Jesus said to Peter: Put your sword in its sheath. Am I not going to drink the cup that the Father has given me? so the cohort, the tribune, and all the servants of the Jews seized Jesus and bound him. They took him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the Supreme Pontiff of that year. Caiaphas was the one who had come to advise the Jews: A man should die for the people.
Simon Peter and another disciple also followed Jesus. This disciple was well known to the Supreme Pontiff and entered with Jesus into the court of the Supreme Pontiff. Pedro, however, was outside the door. After a while, the other disciple came out, who was known to the Supreme Pontiff, who spoke to the gatekeeper and brought Peter in.
The gatekeeper girl said to Peter: Aren’t you also one of this man’s disciples? He replied: I am not. All the servants and servants were in that place, who had made a fire, because it was cold, and they warmed up. Pedro was also with them warming up.
The Supreme Pontiff came to question Jesus about all his disciples and his doctrine. Jesus replied: I have spoken openly to the world, I have also taught at all times in the synagogue and in the Temple, where all the Jews come together, and I have not said anything in secret.
Why do you ask me? Ask all those who heard me what I have spoken to them of: they all know what I have said. Saying this, one of the servants who were in that place slapped Jesus, saying: Is this how you respond to the great High Priest? So the Lord Jesus answered him: If I have spoken evil, declare that same evil; however, although, why do you hit me? Then Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas, the High Priest.
After being taken to Caiaphas, the Supreme Pontiff, he was transferred to the authority of that time, Pontius Pilate, so he went out to where they were and said to them: What accusation do you bring against this man? So they answered them: If this man were not a criminal, we would not have handed him over to you. Pilate answered them saying: Take him all of you and judge him according to his law. The Jews replied: We are not allowed to kill anyone. Thus, the word that Jesus had come to say that he was going to be handed over to death is fulfilled.
Pilate again entered the praetorium, called the Lord Jesus and said to him: Are you truly the King of the Jews? So the Lord Jesus replied: Do you say this for yourself, or have others told you about me? Pilate responding: Am I a Jew? Your own people and pontiffs have brought you and handed you over to me: what have you done? Jesus replied: My kingdom is not in this world; if my kingdom became of this world, all my servants would fight so that I would not be handed over to the Jews; however, my kingdom is not of this world. Pilate said to him: Of course, you are King? Jesus answered: You have said it: I am King.
For this it is that I was born and for this I have come to come to the world, to bear witness to the truth; everyone who is of the truth is the one who listens to my voice. So Pilate said to him: What is truth? Having said this, he turned again to all the Jews and said to them: I have not found any fault in him. There is a custom among you that I release one of you for the Passover, do you want me to release the King of the Jews to you? So they all began to shout with loud voices: Not this one, Barabbas. Barabbas was a great thief of that time.
So Pilate took Jesus and ordered him to be flogged. And the soldiers came to weave a crown of thorns, which they put on his head and came to dress him in a purple mantle. And they came to him and said: Hail, O King of the Jews. And they slapped him.
Pilate again went outside and said to them: Behold, he brought him out so that you may know that I find no fault in him. Jesus, therefore, went out to the outskirts wearing on his head the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate himself said to them: Here is the man.
When all the high priests and all the servants saw him, they shouted: Crucify him, crucify him! So Pilate answered them: Take him yourselves and crucify him because I find no fault in him. The Jews answered: We have a Law, and according to the Law he must die because he has appointed himself the Son of God.
When Pilate heard these words he feared much more. And he entered the praetorium again and said to the Lord Jesus: Where are you from? However, Jesus did not give him any answer. Pilate said to him: Do you not speak to me? Do you not know that I have the power to release you and also the power to crucify you?
Jesus replied: You would have no power against me, if you had not been given from on high. That is why the one who has come to hand me over to you has a greater sin. From that moment Pilate was looking for a way to release him. However, the Jews were shouting at all times: If you let him go you are not Caesar’s friend, because everyone who becomes king goes against Caesar.
Pilate, upon hearing these words, brought Jesus out and took a seat on the tribunal, in the place that is called Litóstrotos, in the Hebrew language Gabbatá. It was the Parasceve of Passover, it was already about the sixth hour, and then Pilate said to the Jews: Here is his King. But they all shouted: Go away, go away, crucify him. So Pilate said to them: Am I going to crucify your King? The pontiffs answered them: We have no king but Caesar himself. Then Pontius Pilate handed Jesus over to them to be crucified.
The following video shows the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus for children .
Crucifixion and Death of Jesus
So they took the Lord Jesus; and he, with the cross on his back, went towards the place called Place of the Skull, which in the Hebrew language is “Gólgotha”, where they came to crucify him, and with him 2 other people, one each side, and in the center was the Lord Jesus. Pilate wrote the title of the sign and put it on the cross. It was written on it: Jesus Nazarene, the King of the Jews. Many were the Jews who read what was written on the sign, since the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city. And it was written in 3 languages which were Hebrew, Greek and Latin.
The high priests of the Jews told Pilate: Do not write that he is the King of the Jews, but he said: I am King of the Jews. To which Pontius Pilate replied: What I have written is written. In a nutshell what I wrote that is, period. The soldiers, after arriving to crucify Jesus, took his clothes and tore them into about 4 parts, one for each of the soldiers, and separate his tunic; Since the tunic had no seams, and was entirely woven from top to bottom.
They then said among themselves: Let’s not tear it, but let’s draw lots on it to see who gets it. So that the Scripture that says: My clothes were distributed and my tunic was drawn. And so the soldiers did. His mother, Mary, and his mother’s sister, Mary of Clophas, and also Mary Magdalene, were standing by the cross of Jesus. Jesus, seeing that his mother and the disciple whom he loved were in that place, said to his mother: Woman, here is your son. Then he says to John the disciple: Here is your mother. And from that very moment the disciple received her in her house.
After all this, knowing the Lord Jesus that everything was ready to be consummated, so that the Scripture could be fulfilled, he said: I thirst. In that place was a kind of glass full of vinegar. They attached a sponge that was soaked with vinegar to a hyssop stalk and brought it to his mouth. Jesus, when he came to taste the vinegar, said: Everything is finished. And he bowed his head surrendering his spirit.
Since it was the festival of the Parasceve, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on Saturday, since that Saturday was going to be a big day, the Jews begged Pilate to break their legs and remove them. Since the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and also the other who had come to be crucified with him.
However, when they approached the Lord Jesus, seeing that he was already dead, they did not break his legs, but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed from the wound. He who saw it comes to bear witness, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he tells the truth so that all others will believe as well.
This happened so that the word of God spoken by the prophets would be fulfilled where it says: They will not break a bone. And also another passage of Scripture says: They will look at the one they pierced. After all this, Joseph of Arimathea, who was one of the disciples of Jesus, although in a hidden way for fear of the Jews, was the one who begged Pilate to let him remove the body of Jesus.
And Pilate allowed it. So he came and removed his body from the cross of Calvary. Nicodemus, the one who had come before to go to Jesus at night, also came bringing a kind of mixture of myrrh and aloes, about 100 pounds. So they took the body of the Lord Jesus and wrapped it in some linen, with the aromas, as it became customary to give burial among the Jews.
Since near the place where they had crucified him there was an orchard, and in the orchard a new tomb in which no person had yet been buried. Since it was the Parasceve of the Jews and also since the tomb was nearby, they put Jesus there.
Resurrection of Christ
The day after Saturday, at dawn, when it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb; She then ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple whom Jesus loved, John, and told them: They have taken the body of the Lord from the tomb and we don’t know where they have put it. So Peter went out with the other disciple and they went to the tomb.
The 2 ran together, however, the other disciple ran much faster than Peter and reached the tomb first. He bent down and saw the folded canvases in that place, however, he did not enter. Simon Peter came after him, and he entered the sepulcher and saw the folded linen cloths, and the shroud that had come to be placed on his head, not folded together with the linen cloths, but lying apart, still rolled up, in a place .
Then the other disciple who had arrived at the tomb much earlier entered in the same way, saw and believed. They still did not understand the Scripture according to which it was necessary for him to rise from the dead. The disciples went home again. Mary was outside weeping by the tomb. While she was crying, she leaned towards the tomb, and saw about 2 angels dressed in white, sitting 1 at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of the Lord Jesus had been placed. They said: Woman, why are you crying? She answered them: They have taken my Lord and I do not know where they have placed him.
Saying this, he turned back and saw that the Lord Jesus was standing, however, he did not know that it was Jesus. Because of what Jesus said to her: Woman, why are you crying? Who are you looking for? She, thinking that it was the gardener, said: Lord, if you have taken it, please tell me where you have put it and I will pick it up.
Jesus said to her: Mary! She, turning, exclaimed to him in Hebrew: Rabbuni!, which in its translation means Master. Jesus said to him: Let go of me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father; however, go to my brothers and tell them: I ascend to my Father and your Father, to my God and also to your God. It was then Mary Magdalene and she announced it to her disciples: I have seen the Lord!, and he has come to tell me these things.
As evening fell on that day, the day after the Sabbath, the doors of the place where all the disciples had gathered for fear of the Jews being already closed, Jesus came and appeared to them in the midst of each one of them. them and said: Peace be with you all. And having said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Seeing the Lord, all the disciples rejoiced. He said to them again: Peace be with you all. As the Father has sent me, so I send you. Having said this, he breathed on them and also said to them: Receive the Holy Spirit; whose sins you forgive, they are forgiven them; whoever you hold back, they are held back.
However, the Lord Jesus Christ not only founded a religion known as Christianity, but also founded a Church. The Church, the new People of God, came to be constituted in the form of a kind of visible community of salvation, to which all men were incorporated through baptism.
The Church was founded on the Apostle Peter, to whom the Lord Jesus Christ himself promised the Primacy “and on this rock I will build my Church” (Matthew 17:18 and confirmed and conferred it after the Resurrection: “feed my lambs” , “feed my sheep.” The Church of Jesus Christ was going to exist until the end of time, as long as the world lasts and there are men.
In the days after the Ascension, a small community of disciples regularly gathered in the Upper Room, together with the Mother of Jesus and also the women, together with the 11 Apostles (since Judas Iscariot had hanged himself ) and relatives of the Lord. Between all of them there were approximately 120, those who had come to congregate the day in which, at the proposal of the Apostle Peter, Matthias came to be chosen as Apostle instead of Judas.
This group of disciples who were gathered in the regions of Jerusalem constituted the nucleus of what was the first Church, although there were other brothers who had come to follow the Lord, and who would surely live scattered throughout the regions of Galilee. The risen Jesus once appeared to more than 500 people, many of whom were still living when the Apostle Paul wrote the first letter to the Corinthians. The first public manifestation of the Church came to take place on the day of Pentecost. That same day, the nascent Church came to receive the Holy Spirit and was strengthened by the Paraclete that Jesus had come to promise to each one of his disciples, which experienced a notable increase.
About 3 thousand souls were converted, all of them convinced by the wonders that accompanied the coming of the Holy Spirit and also by the sermon that the apostle Peter addressed to the entire crowd. A second speech by Peter given in the Temple, after the healing of a man lame from birth, was what increased the number of believers to about 5,000.
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