Passion death and resurrection of Jesus , is considered one of the most important religious historical monuments of humanity, describing those moments allows us to clarify some things regarding the life of Jesus, find out by reading this article.
Passion, death and resurrection of Jesus,
It represents a relevant moment in the history of the human being, understanding the entire process through which Jesus Christ had to go through in order to achieve the main objective, which was to make men understand why the reason for his presence on earth.
Jesus sacrificed himself so that people understand a way to redeem their sins, he established a series of processes in which it was understood why he had made certain decisions, not understood by the majority of those who were by his side.
There are also stories of the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus for children that describe Jesus’ last hours in a simpler way. The story begins with the prayer on the mount of olives and ends with the resurrection and appearance to the followers, let’s see how they happened.
Events in the Garden of Olives
The story recounts some events that happened before the Passover feast and after the Last Supper, when Jesus notifies his disciples that they must go up to Jerusalem in order to be handed over to the high priest and the doctors of the Law, I will be condemned to death and hand me over to the Romans, it will be mocked and they flogged me and then killed me, but after three days I will rise again.
At the end of the Last Supper, the apostles together with Jesus, decide to meet on the closest and most isolated mountain called the “Mount of Olives”, when Jesus arrived there he withdrew for a moment and proceeded to pray to God, Matthew describes it as the following way:
“And advancing a little, he prostrated himself with his face to the ground while he prayed saying: My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; but not as I want, but as you want”
Previously, as we had commented, Judas decides to sell his teacher, taking advantage of the meeting of the high priests and the doctors of the Law who have been looking for Jesus for a long time in order to capture and kill him, Iscariot then decides to go to the teachers and priests and tells them:
“I am willing to give Jesus to them. They were delighted to hear this and promised him a handsome reward: thirty silver coins. From that moment on, Judas was looking for an opportunity to betray Jesus.”
That night they had devised a plan in order to seize and deliver Jesus in the place that Judas already knew so that everything was ready for the delivery of the Lord.
The Mount of Olives
While in the Garden of Olives, Jesus was apart along with other apostles and tells them:
“Pray to be strong in temptation. Then Jesus entered the garden alone. There he knelt down and prayed in this way: Father, if you want you can take away this suffering and death from me. But not my will but yours be done.”
Distraught, Jesus prayed with great intensity, that some could see that the sweat had turned into blood, due to the intense fear he felt, after a while Jesus got up and returned to where the apostles were sleeping and told them to get up:
“Why do you sleep? Be willing and pray to withstand the test that is to come.”
Surrender of Jesus
Just when Jesus was talking with the disciples, some men and guards entered the garden, with them came Judas Iscariot in the vanguard, who told the guards, “The one who kisses that will be”, Judas approached Jesus to give him the kiss and Jesus said:
“Judas, are you going to deliver me with a kiss?”
Immediately the men who came with Judas seized the Messiah, and although the apostles tried to prevent it, they could not intercede because the guards were armed, the apostles had to flee in order not to be arrested.
detention of jesus
Jesus knew everything that was going to happen, so he did not object. In fact, the moment indicates that Jesus surprised Judas when he went ahead of him and said, Who are you looking for? This response surprised Judas, who nonetheless proceeded to give the kiss. Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, hit the guard, cutting off his ear.
Malco, which was the name of the guard, touched his ear and Jesus, approaching, said to Simon Peter
“Sheath your sword. Am I not going to drink the cup that the Father has given me?” and Jesus touching the wound of the guard healed it by placing the ear again.
After this event, Jesus was brought to the people before justice in the first place in front of Anas, since this is the father-in-law of Caiaphas the high priest, Simon Peter was known by some priests and followed Jesus to the entrance of the residence of the high priest. pontiff, when he was observing what was happening a woman approached him and asked:
“Are you not also one of this man’s disciples?”
He answered immediately no I am not, at that moment Annas questions Jesus about the doctrine he professed and his relationship with the disciples, Jesus replied:
“I have spoken openly to the world, I have always taught in the synagogue and in the Temple, where all the Jews meet, and I have not said anything in secret. Why do you ask me? Ask those who heard me what I have told them: they know what I have said. Saying this, one of the servants who was there slapped Jesus, saying: Is this how you answer the High Priest? Jesus answered him: If I have spoken evil, declare that evil; but if well, why do you hit me?
Knowing this Anas had no choice but to send them to Caiaphas, at that time Pedro was with other people warming himself from the cold when suddenly someone approached him and asked:
“Are not you too of his disciples? He denied it and said: I am not.” Later one of Marco’s relatives (who had cut off his ear) observed Simon Peter and asked him: Didn’t I see you in the garden with him? Peter denied again, and immediately the rooster crowed.”
Jesus before the Sanhedrin
The day after the arrest of Jesus, the elders of the town met together with the high priests and the doctors of the law, in order to proceed to question Jesus:
“If you are the Savior promised by God to his People, tell us”, Jesus answered: “Even if I told them, they would not believe me. And if I asked you a question, you wouldn’t answer me. But soon the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of God.” Then the members of the Sanhedrin asked him: So you are the Son of God? Jesus answered: You yourselves are saying it: I am.”
At that moment everyone was astonished: “We no longer need witnesses. We have all heard what he has said.”
All the members of the Sanhedrin had previously decided to kill Jesus, but they made a false situation to appear that they had tried him, in fact they placed false witnesses in order to accuse him, Luke describes it as follows:
“At the end the High Priest asked him if he was the Son of God, and to that question Jesus answered: “You have said it. Furthermore, I tell you that from now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.” Later they accused Jesus of blasphemy and proceeded to sentence him to death.”
The next morning the high priest and the elders of the town decided to lead Jesus in front of Pilate.
With the presence of Jesus in front of the Roman governor, a relationship was established that Pilate did not give great importance to, and although he was the only one who could impose the death penalty in the trial, his guilt could never be proven.
Pilate questioned him and realized that he was innocent since he did not break the laws of Rome, let us remember that for them the Jewish laws and beliefs did not have any importance, so that Pilate observed Jesus did not represent any danger and had only been taken to his presence only out of envy:
“Pilate asked, And what shall I do with Jesus, the so-called Christ? They all answered: Let him be crucified! He asked them: Well, what evil has he done? But they shouted louder: Let him be crucified! When Pilate saw that he was not advancing anything, but that the tumult was getting worse, he took water and washed his hands before the people saying: I am innocent of this blood; you will see.”
“And all the people cried out: His blood on us and on our children! Then he released Barabbas to them; and Jesus, after having him flogged, handed him over to be crucified”,
Then they took Jesus to Caiaphas in order to proceed with the procedure called petition, although it is early in the morning, none entered the place since they feared, as tradition said, of being contaminated and not being able to eat on Easter. Matthew’s account continues as follows:
“Then Pilate went out where they were, and said: What accusation do you bring against this man? They answered him: If he had not been a criminal, we would not have handed him over to you. Pilate said to them: Take him yourselves and judge him according to your law. The Jews replied: We are not allowed to put anyone to death.”
In this way, what Jesus had predicted regarding the way in which he was going to die was fulfilled. After this, Pilate returned to the Praetorium and said:
“Are you the King of the Jews? Jesus answered: Do you say this for yourself, or have others told you about me? Pilate replied: Am I a Jew? Your people and the pontiffs have handed you over to me: what have you done? Jesus answered: My kingdom is not of this world; if my kingdom were of this world, my servants would fight so that it would not be handed over to the Jews; But my kingdom is not from here. Pilate said to him: Then, are you a King? Jesus answered: You say it: I am King.”
“For this I was born and for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth; everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice. Pilate said to him: What is truth? Having said this, he turned again to the Jews and said: I find no fault in him. There is a custom among you that I release one to you at Passover. Do you want me to release the King of the Jews to you? Then they shouted again: Not this one, Barabbas. Barabbas was a thief.”
As Pilate did not get blame and to please the Jews he then proceeded to whip Jesus, the soldiers made a crown of spikes to mock him and placed it on his head wearing a purple mantle, they approached him and said “Hail, King of the Jews.” and they slapped him, spit on him and insulted him.
Matthew then recounts the following events:
“Pilate went out again and said to them: Behold, I am bringing him out to you so that you may know that I find no fault in him. So Jesus came out of it wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them: Here is the man.”
The members of the Sanhedrin saw him and began to shout:
“Crucify him, crucify him! Pilate answered them: Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no fault in him. The Jews answered: We have a Law, and according to the Law he must die because he has become the Son of God.”
“When Pilate heard these words he feared more. And he entered the praetorium again and said to Jesus: Where are you from? But Jesus gave him no answer. Pilate said to him: Do you not speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to release you and power to crucify you?”
“Jesus answered: You would have no power against me, if it had not been given to you from on high. Therefore the one who handed me over to you has the greater sin.”
Pilate’s fame in all the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus, spread throughout the world through the years thanks to the following situation, if he had never been presented to Jesus he would have been just another Roman president in history.
Pilate was looking for some way to release him, but the Jews shouted:
“If you release that one, you are not a friend of Caesar, because everyone who makes himself king goes against Caesar. Pilate, hearing these words, brought Jesus outside and sat on the tribunal, in the place called Lithostrotos, in Hebrew Gabata.
“It was the Parasceve of Passover, about the sixth hour, and he said to the Jews: Here is your King. But they shouted: Go away, go away, crucify him. Pilate said to them: Am I going to crucify your King? The pontiffs replied: We have no king but Caesar. So he handed it over to him so that he could be crucified.”
It is called this way because it consists of a punishment that is carried out with a Roman whip called “flagellum”, which was a rod of several strips with pieces of bone, metal and sometimes had small hooks on the tips.
With this spear Jesus was beaten and again had to endure the greatest punishment that a man is known to have received at that time, death on the cross was only the punishment reserved only for criminals in order to give him a great lesson, being for the time one of the most painful.
The Calvary of Jesus
Then Jesus was taken to the crucifixion where he himself had to carry his cross, having to walk the path called the skull which in Hebrew means Golgotha, where he would finally be crucified, Pilate took a piece of wood and wrote “INRI” Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews.
The path to the crucifixion was terrible for Jesus, the Catholic Church keeps as sacred the seven words that he pronounced before his death, arrived at Golgotha so that the word would be fulfilled, the soldiers shared Jesus’ clothes before uploading him to the cross , the word says the following:
“They divided my clothes and drew lots for my tunic.”
Next to the cross was Mary his mother and her aunt Mary of Cleofas, Mary Magdalene and other people, however, in the agony Jesus was able to say the following:
“Woman, here is your son. Then he says to the disciple: Here is your mother.”
It is said that from that moment Jesus was received by God in his arms, later Jesus was very thirsty and said:
“I’m thirsty. There was a glass full of vinegar there. They attached a sponge soaked in the vinegar to a hyssop cane and brought it to his mouth. Jesus, when he tasted the vinegar, said: All is finished. And bowing his head he passed away”
After the death of Jesus , the tears did not wait, however because it was Saturday and it was the time of Parasceve, where no activity could be carried out, they asked Pilate to break the legs of the crucified in order to they will finish dying and will not remain on the cross.
Pilate, who was already tired of the Sanhedrins, agreed to get rid of them, ordering the soldiers to do what the priests had asked, when they arrived where Jesus decided not to break their legs since he was dead.
The death and resurrection of Jesus in short is also part of the fulfillment of the scriptures, the soldier proceeded to testify to the death of Jesus by burying the spear in the left side in order to verify that he had already died
Joseph of Arimathea, who was one of Jesus’ disciples and a member of the Sanhedrin, asked Pilate to remove the body and grant him the holy oils and a dignified burial, Pilate agreed and Joseph removed the body, where with the help of Nicodemus who was Jesus’ friend helped him put myrrh and aloe on it to slow down its decomposition.
Burial of Jesus
Between them they took the body and wrapped it in cloth, adding aromas since it was a Jewish custom to bury the dead in this way, near the place where Jesus had been crucified, there was an orchard where there was a small cavern that served as a grave that was empty, so they proceeded to place Jesus in that place while the Parasceve passed by.
On Sunday morning, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb to pray for Jesus, when she arrived at the tomb she found the stone removed, frightened she ran away and came to Simon Peter and told him:
“They have taken the Lord from the tomb and we do not know where they have put him.”
They immediately ran to the burial place, they observed the unfolded canvases as if someone had left without removing them, both were afraid, but Simon Peter entered with the other disciple and they observed with amazement what they had found.
The shroud was in the same way as it had been placed on Jesus rolled up and without detaching, although Jesus had spoken to them about the scriptures and reiterated that he would rise again, the disciples did not believe, so they decided to return home.
Mary Magdalene was crying in front of the tomb and two white figures approached her and said:
“Woman, why are you crying? He answered them: They have taken my Lord and I do not know where they have put him. Saying this, he turned and observed the figure of Jesus, who said to him: Woman, why are you crying? Who are you looking for? She, thinking it was the gardener, said to him: Lord, if you have taken it, tell me where you have put it and I will pick it up.
“Jesus said to her: Mary! Let go of me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brothers and tell them: I ascend to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God. Mary Magdalene went and she announced to her disciples: I have seen the Lord!, and he has told me these things.”
The disciples were gathered together talking about what had happened, they were hiding from the Jews and at that moment Jesus appeared to them saying:
“Peace be with you.” And having said this, he showed them his hands and his side. When they saw the Lord, the disciples rejoiced. He said to them again: Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I send you. Having said this, he breathed on them and said to them: Receive the Holy Spirit; whose sins you forgive, they are forgiven them; whoever retains them, they are retained.”
The news began to spread among the disciples until they met a week later, but some, like Thomas, did not believe and just at that moment he appeared to all of them and Thomas specifically told him:
“Bring your finger here and look at my hands, and bring your hand and put it in my side, and be not an unbeliever but a believer. Thomas answered and said to him: My Lord and my God! Jesus answered: Because you have seen me you have believed; Blessed are those who have believed without having seen.”
After this event, Jesus continued for many days performing miracles and healings that were not reflected in the Bible, however the testimonies remained in the minds and hearts of those who could be blessed and touched by the hand of Jesus.