I invite you to learn through this article everything related to the sacred book of Christianity, and why it is considered a guide for their lives.
What is the holy book of Christianity?
It is the Bible, this book is made up of a set of texts inspired by God to lead men to heaven, the books prior to Jesus Christ form the so-called “old testament” and the other texts are the “new testament”, the divine inspiration of the Bible is endorsed by the Judeo-Christian traditions.
The author of the Bible is God, but God used some people as instruments who only wrote what God inspired them, or the processes that God allowed them to go through to give their testimonies.
The Bible is divided into two parts “The Old Testament” and “The New Testament” and contains 66 books.
The Bible or sacred book of Christianity as a whole brings together 66 books written in three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek and translated in three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe, it was written by about 40 authors who lived in different times, in a span of 1600 years, from 1513 BC to about 98 AD. (See Article: The power of Prayer )
The Bible contains 1,189 chapters, 929 chapters in the old testament and 260 in the new testament, they are distributed in 594 chapters before psalm 118 and 594 after psalm 118. The center of the Bible is psalm 118: 8. Chapter 29 of the book of Job is the center of the Old Testament and Romans chapter 8 is the center of the New Testament.
the old testament
It is the largest part in relation to the New Testament, it is made up of a large number of thirty-nine books. These books speak of Jesus Christ before his arrival in the world; among these books there is a wide range of artistic classes of stories the main ones are disclosures, histories, ceremonies and good enactment and knowledge of the word in addition, verses, prediction and catastrophic prophecy can be found.
The Bible recognized by the Christian world in general follows the rules of the Bible translated by Martin Luther into German (1534), in which books called “protocanonical” or the main group, summarize books recognized by the Hebrew world since the end of the first century after Christ. (See article: The power of early morning prayer )
The Old Testament is isolated in 5 areas that are: the Pentateuch, also called “the law”, are the five initial books whose initiation is attributed to one of the main characters of the Bible, Moses. These books are: Genesis, Leviticus, Exodus Numbers and Deuteronomy.
There are also books that contain everything that was the historical background of the general population of Israel from the disappearance of Moses and the crossing of the Jordan River to enter the guaranteed land to the challenge of the Maccabees to Hellenism, approximately two centuries before the birth of Jesus a period of 1240 a. C. until 173 a. C. around 11 centuries of history.
The books that make up this area are: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel 1 and 2, First and Second Kings, Chronicles 1 and 2, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
It is also made up of poetic books with great literary value, which are: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of Songs.
There is also an area of the Old Testament that groups most of the activities that the prophets carried out in relation to his life and his gospel, these segments and the books that create it are:
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.
Without the Old Testament we would have a poor understanding of the New Testament and in the same way that without the New Testament we could never understand the reason for the Old.
The new Testament
The usual name of the New Testament is the arrangement of twenty-seven books that contains the second fundamental piece of the Bible, following the Hebrew Bible, the main thing that must be explained is the meaning of the word “testament”, since today its understanding it has been limited to the possibility that someone dies and leaves their property to someone else through a letter or legal will.
In the sacred texts, this word receives the importance of the promise, which is the main way in which God identifies with men, the new agreement is the one that has been made through the penance of Jesus Christ and his blood, the New Covenant is made through the cross of Jesus. (See article: psalm 91 of the bible a night prayer )
Jesus himself shed his blood to seal this New Covenant with her so that all who recognized their sins would come closer to the guarantee of an endless life… (John 3:16)
God would make a New Pact with their relatives, and would put in their souls and hearts of fragile living creatures and not of stone; allowing us to obtain the advantages of this agreement.
The parts that make up the New Testament are 4 and are described from alternative points of view; with the object that, when examined accordingly, they provide a remarkable degree of detail of the activities and conferences of Jesus; these books bear the name of their writers and are: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
In this class, we place a solitary book composed by Luke himself, who was also the third evangelist, this book tells how the appearance and progressive advance of the Church of Jesus Christ was after the restoration of Jesus and is the book of “acts ”.
The third type of composition that makes the New Testament are the epistles and letters, the letters are: Romans, Corinthians 1 and 2, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Thessalonians 1 and 2, Timothy 1 and 2, Titus and Philemon and their epistles are: Hebrews, James, Peter 1 and 2, John 1, 2 and 3 and Jude. (See Article: Psalm 91 a prayer for protection and mental and physical healing )
In addition to this, it ends with the prophetic book of destruction of the entire world called “Apocalypse”, despite the fact that throughout the New Testament there are several predictions and writings that speak about the end, for grouping purposes it is only one book. that deals with the prophetic theme and the certainties that will occur towards the end of time, perhaps one of the most incredible books that they have created.
Meaning of the Word Bible
The word bible comes from the Greek “ta biblia” which means book, the Jews and Christians used the expression for their sacred books, the name was translated into Latin in the Middle Ages, more than a book the bible is a collection of 66 books.
The Bible or holy book of Christianity is not only unique for its survival during times without printing, but also for its survival under many implacable situations not suitable for its preservation, for centuries there were men who tried to destroy and burn it, these were kings and caesars even religious leaders achieved it with fanatical zeal.
Diocletian, in 303 after Christ, ordered the eradication of all Christians and their holy book, this was the greatest attack against the Bible: hundreds of thousands of Christians died and almost all the manuscripts of the Bible were destroyed.
However, the Bible quickly re-emerged, and the irony of the story was that, 22 years later, Constantine, at the 1st Ecumenical Council, elevated the Bible to infallible authority, as well as commissioned Eusebius to make 50 copies of the Bible himself. expense of the government, something similar happened other times.
The French rationalist, Voltaire, who died in 1778, dared to say that the Bible, after 100 years, would only be an antiquity; but within 50 years of his death, the Geneva Bible Society opened its printing press and house to churn out stacks of Bibles.
The Roman Church restricted everything to do with the Bible to the general population so adequately that for a considerable period of time it was practically as if the Bible and Christianity did not exist, then the Bibles were exposed to the elements, They burned many bibles but this one was able to resurface and be known throughout the world.
After the Reformation, brought about a slow change in this regard, in Germany a legion of rationalists sprang up who conceived the most savage and violent attacks against any Christian.
But since then the Bible has been more popular, read and loved than ever, the enemies have died, their attacks were rejected, and the Bible stands firm as a rock today and although in some parts of the world they are still persecuted and killed Christians today can say that few are the places where the word of God is not known.
Difference with Judaism
The holy book of Judaism is the Torah and this book is the law for the Jewish people. It is made up of a series of parchments which have writings in ancient Hebrew and a series of symbols.
The bible, on the other hand, its stories are also output from these scrolls, however it united all the found scrolls, its symbols were investigated, interpreted and reflected as a text, in addition to that it was also easily translated into many languages, And because of these differences, these religions disagree and the Jews do not recognize the Bible as their holy book.
Difference with the holy book of Islam
The holy book of Islam is the Koran, which is very similar to the Bible, for example: both religions are guided by a single God, however in Christianity Jesus is recognized as the son of God and as a divine being, while that in the Koran they only recognize him as a prophet.
Also in both books the same characters appear as: Adam, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, Elisha, Elijah, Ezekiel, David, Solomon, Jonah, Zacharias, John and Jesus, but their stories are different.
The Bible was written before the Koran due to the testimony and gospel of each of its characters and the Koran was interpreted by a single prophet, the Lord Muhammad.
The paradise described by each of these religions is totally different, both accept that to pray you have to prostrate but both differ in the method of how to achieve eternal life.
Islam on the one hand affirms that they will only achieve salvation through good works and in Christianity they are governed by the Bible which indicates that by confessing our sins with repenting from the heart we will be saved. (See also: Job Protection Prayer )
And just like this there are many details that differentiate it from one another, each one representing a different religion and its division.
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