In Greek mythology there have been a series of Gods since ancient times that are related to certain effects and specific situations, many times they have to do with nature. In this article we will learn more about the Goddess Eos. We invite the reader to learn more about her.
Goddess Eos of the dawn, was in charge of opening the gates of hell so that Helio would drive the chariot through the sky day after day.
The name of this Goddess is a derivative of the Latin Aurora and the Vedic Sanskrit. In the ancient Greek language it is translated as Ἠώς Êós or Έως Eos.
The Goddess Eos is related as the Goddess of the dawn according to Greek mythology. She was the Daughter of Hyperion (God of astral fire) and Thea (the Goddess of sight); She herself is descended from the Titan lineage, and she is one of the few pre-Olympians with later prominence.
The home of the Goddess Eos was situated at the edge of the ocean which encircled the world to make her announcement to Helios, the God of the Sun. The Greek worship of the dawn as a Goddess was created during the Indo-European era. Ushas.
The Goddess Eos is the daughter of Hyperion and Tea (also known as Pallas and Styx) she is also the sister of Helios (God of the Sun) and Selene (Goddess of the Moon). The Goddess Eos had several children with:
With Tithonus: Memnon and Ematión.
Astreo: Boreas, Zephyr, Eosphorus, Euro, Noto.
With the God Cefalo: Phaeton, Tithonus, Hesperus.
With Zeus he had: Ersa.
In the same way, the Goddess Eos, as we said, was related to Greek mythology, her name may not appear among the most famous Greek figures; she had an important part in drawing light to earth each day.
It was defined in Greek mythology as a Titan Goddess, daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia. She was the Goddess of the dawn and she had two brothers as we said before: Helios, God of the sun and Selene, Goddess of the moon. The Goddess Eos was married to Astraeus, the God of twilight and both had many children which represented what happened during the union of twilight and dawn.
Sons of Eros
Among the children were the four Anemoi, Eosphorus and the Astra Planeta. The description of him was with pink fingers, light pink dress woven with flowers, wearing a tiara and with huge wings of white feathers.
According to other sources, the Goddess Eos, was the wife of the God Ares, all this caused the jealousy of Aphrodite, who cursed her with a sexual impulse. The result of this was the kidnapping of Eos to several young people among whom were Cephalus, Tithonus and Orion.
Main role of the Goddess Eos
The main function of the Goddess of the dawn in terms of Greek mythology was the liberation of the darkness of the night and the announcement in the morning of the arrival of the God Helios (the Sun). In this way it was said that she ascended from the oceanic kingdom in the east in her all-gold chariot, which was drawn by two horses, named Lampus and Phaethon, and in this way she preceded Helios through the sky.
Some authors however held that after the removal of darkness by the Goddess Eos, she left her chariot and climbed aboard Helios’ chariot, which was pulled by Lampus, Erythreus, Actaeon and Philogeus. In this way her brother and sister would enter the ocean kingdom together at the end of the day. Each night, he made a journey through the realm of Oceanus to be sure of returning to the position in the east to start the day anew.
The so often mentioned Goddess Eos was characterized by having several loves, both in the generation of the titans and the most beautiful mortals. Some of them were Astreo; she also had a passion for the titan Orion, however she was not reciprocated.
Cephalo, Clito, Ganymede and Tithonus were kidnapped so that they would be lovers. The poet Apollodorus argued as a story even more than a myth, that her shameful concern became a problem for the Goddess Aphrodite, who found her in her bed with Hares.
Eos and Tithonus
Eos’s most famous mortal lover was Tithonus, a Trojan prince, and son of King Laomedon. It was ensured that Eos and Tithonus were happy together, however Eos was already tired of her mortal lovers passing away or leaving her, for this reason Eos asked Zeus to make Tithonus immortal, so that they could be together for eternity.
Tithonus also became the most faithful lover of the Goddess Eos, Eos requested Zeus to make Tithonus immortal at the time Zeus stole Ganymede from him in order to be his cupbearer. However, he forgot to apply for eternal youth. That is why Tithonus lived forever, however he kept getting older, until he became a cricket, and even today, in certain parts of the world, the cicada can be heard with the arrival of the dawn every day.
The Goddess Eos in art
Since ancient times the Goddess Eos is represented in her three different forms, which we will determine:
Celestial phenomenon: it is represented in kraters and vessels in a cart pulled by horses as a component of the diurnal cycle, transit being common both at night and during the day. In the same way the Italian painter Guercino makes a painting during the 17th century, in the mural of the Casino Ludovisi in Rome.
Goddess Eos in love: without a doubt the most common aspect of it is curiously the most human, it is a characteristic of eternal love and condemned by Aphrodite. The representation of her is done in a winged way in the form of abduction to the different lovers of her.
There are various samples during the advance of art history, from representations in attics such as “Aurora, Goddess of the morning and Tithonus, prince of Troy”; also by Francesco de Mura or “Céfalo y Aurora”, all by the French painter Nicolás Poussin.
Goddess Eos mother: due to her Tithonus relationship, the Goddess Eos becomes the mother of Memnon, who according to what is reflected in the Iliad, his death is because of Achilles. She likewise is reflected in Attic amphorae, such as Memnon’s fight with Achilles seen by her mothers, Eos and Tethys. Likewise, that of the Goddess Eos mourning the death of her son (Cup of Douris in the Louvre museum).
The Legacy of Eos to Christianity
Christianity was inspired by different pagan sources, and adopted some myths from ancient Greece and Romans, adjusting to the current emerging religion. With this adaptation, a greater facility was allowed in terms of the adoption of Christianity as a religion for people trained in terms of Greek and Roman culture.
Two deal with the main contributions of the Goddess Eos in relation to it: also the figure of Lucifer and Pietà, masterfully captured by excellent painters such as Michelangelo.
Myths about the Goddess Eos
Some of the most prominent stories of the Goddess Eos are directly related to her love life. She was closely related to a second generation Titan, Astraeus, the Greek god of the twilight, and a deity associated with the stars and planets.
The love affair between Eos and Astraeus resulted in a number of children: the five Astra Planeta, Stilbon (Mercury), Hesperos, Pyroeis, Phaethon and Phainon; and the four Anemoi, Boreas, Euros, Notos, and Zephyros. She is also occasionally mentioned as Astraea’s mother by Astraeus.
Likewise, the Goddess Eos is also called a lover of Ares, the God of war, although this relationship between them did not cause any heir or son, it made the Goddess Aphrodite extremely jealous, since she was a very famous lover of Ares.
In order to prevent Eos from competing for Ares’s love, the Goddess Aphrodite cursed the Goddess of the dawn, so that Eos would only fall in love with mortals.
This Goddess Eos was later associated with the kidnapping of beautiful mortals.
Eos and Orion
Among the first abductions are the legendary Orion, whom Eos kidnapped after regaining his vision. He took him to the island of Delos, and according to some myths this was the cause of the hunter’s death, because a jealous Artemis could have killed him on the spot.
Eos and Cephalus
Eos in the same way kidnapped Cephalus from Athens, ignoring the fact that he was married to Procris at that time. Keeping Cephalus with her for a long time, approximately eight years, and gave birth to Cephalus a male named Phaethon.
Cephalus was never happy with the Goddess Eos, despite the fact that they were lovers and he wanted to return to his wife. The Goddess finally agreed and took him to Athens, but before leaving she showed Cephalus he was never really happy with the Goddess Eos, despite being a lover of a goddess, and longed to return to his wife. She finally relented, and took him back to Athens, although before leaving she showed Cephalus how easily Procris could be led astray.
As we have seen in this article, in relation to Greek mythology, the Goddess Eos was important and was linked to many Gods in the past. As for this, we see how she had several lovers and from each of these different children were procreated who also formed an important part in the life of the Goddess and of Greek mythology itself.
So with these stories we have made it a little clearer in the reader’s opinion, the story of this Goddess who is an important part of the life of the Greek gods.
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